TR Dizin Tarama Sonuçları
Sırala :
Tümünü seç
1. How Do The Diet, Oral Hygiene Habits And Body Mass Index Affect Tooth Caries In The Students Of The Faculty Of Dentistry?
Yıl: 2020 Cilt: 25 Sayı: 2 Sayfa Aralığı: 225 - 233
Veri Tabanı: Fen

The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of oral hygiene and dietary habits on body mass index (BMI) and decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) index of dentistry faculty students. A total of 166 students studying at Van Yuzuncu Yil University Faculty of Dentistry were included in the study. Participants were asked to complete a questionnaire containing 16 questions related to diet and oral hygiene habits. The number of teeth in the mouth and DMFT indexes were recorded according to WHO criteria. During the general health examination, the length and weight of the participants were measured and recorded. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated as kilograms per meter squared. Calculated BMI of the male and the female participants was found as 23.23 and 21.48 respectively. Statistically, no significant relationship was found between the diet and oral hygiene habits in the survey and BMI and DMFT(p>0.05). When ZINB regression results were examined, it was observed that there is a significant difference statistically between the classes in terms of DMFT (p<0.0001), however there is no difference in terms of BMI and gender (p>0.05). Considering the future roles of the students in the faculty of dentistry, it is very important to find out their information level about both oral hygiene habits and diet habits and if necessary to plan future trainings about this and aim to increase the information levels.

2. Relationships between screen time, internet addiction and other lifestyle behaviors with obesity among secondary school students in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
Yıl: 2019 Cilt: 61 Sayı: 4 Sayfa Aralığı: 568 - 579
Veri Tabanı: Fen

Obesity among children and adolescents is one of the critical public health problems worldwide, and the prevalence of obesity has been increasing rapidly over decades. We examined the associations between screen time, internet addiction and other life style behaviors with obesity among high school students in Near East College in Northern Cyprus. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 469 secondary school students with mean age 11.95 ±0.81 years. A self-administrated questionnaire was applied to assess screen time and life style behaviors. The Turkish adapted version of the short-form of internet addiction test was used to assess internet addiction problems. Height and weight were measured objectively to calculate body mass Index (BMI) and classify based on the BMI percentiles for sex and age. Descriptive analysis, Chi-Square test and multivariate regression analysis were performed, and the p- value <0.05 was accepted as significant. Of all participants, 17.2% were overweight and obese, and 18.1% had internet addiction, while 40.7% of them reported to have screen time of more than two hours a day. After adjusting the analysis for age and sex, eating snacks while watching TV (OR,3.04; 95% CI, 1.28-7.21), self- perceived body weight (OR, 24.9; 95% CI, 9.64-64.25) and having a play station in the room (OR,4.6; 95% CI, 1.85 - 11.42) were significantly associated with obesity. Screen time (OR,4.68; 95% CI, 2.61-8.38; p=0.000) and having a computer in the bedroom (OR,1.7;95% CI, 1.01- 2.87; p=0.046) were significantly associated with internet addiction, whereas parent’s complaint about lengthy technology use (OR,0.23; 95% CI, 0.11-0.46; p=0.000) was found to be a protective factor against internet addiction. The findings highlighted the significance of a family - school based integrated approach, which should be implemented to tackle obesity problem to improve the quality of life of children and adolescents.

3. Remarkable Increase in the Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity Among School Age Children in Antalya, Turkey, Between 2003 and 2015
Yıl: 2019 Cilt: 11 Sayı: 1 Sayfa Aralığı: 76 - 81
Veri Tabanı: Fen

Objective: Childhood obesity (OB) is an acknowledged global problem with increasing prevalence reported around the world. We conducted this study with the aim of determining the local trend in OB and overweight (OW) prevalence in the last decade and to observe the alteration of OB and OW prevalence by age group. An additional aim was to construct new age- and gender-specific body mass index (BMI) reference percentile charts for Turkish children living in the city center of Antalya. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 1687 school aged children. International Obesity Task Force guidelines were used to determine the OB and OW prevalence. OW was defined as a BMI between 85th and 95th percentile, and OB >95th percentile. The data were compared with a previous study carried out in the same region in 2003. The least mean square method was used to construct the BMI reference percentile charts. Results: The prevalence rates for OB and OW were 9.8% and 23.2%, respectively, with a combined OW/OB rate of 33%. OB prevalence was higher in boys than girls (p<0.05). The prevalence of combined OW/OB was highest at age 9-10 years. The prevalence of OB has increased 2.9 times during twelve years in this location. Conclusion: Comparing the current findings with rates of OW and OB in the previous decade, childhood OB in Antalya has reached alarming levels. Urgent measures integrated into the national education system should be taken to prevent OB. In addition more surveillance studies should be planned to show the future trend of OB prevalence nationally.

4. Examination of the Obesogenic Effects of Bisphenol-A
Yıl: 2018 Cilt: 2 Sayı: 2 Sayfa Aralığı: 185 - 194
Veri Tabanı: Fen

The prevalence of obesity among people has increased dramatically in recent years in all the world. It is not enough to explain this increasing trend only with people's lifestyle, eating habits and cultural differences. Some chemicals, which are taken into the human body, especially through the food chain and are considered to be endocrine disruptors, affect the frequency of obesity. Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are compounds that cause hormone disruption and elimination of the functions of these hormones. Bisphenol-A (BPA) is one of the most intensive chemicals in human life and is generally called 2,2-bis (4-hydroxyphenyl) propane. 70% of the BPA in the world is used in polycarbonate plastics and 30% in epoxy resins. Due to the widespread usage of it, BPA reaches solid and liquid wastes in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in large quantities. Considering the high production capacity of BPA and its different application areas, it is claimed that significant amount of BPA enters the environment. Studies show that the rate of being exposed to BPA has an increasing tendency. In the literature, the rate of availability in drinking water and the data on the reproductive system were only included in the researches related to BPA. Therefore, this study aimed to observe the obesogenic role of BPA in the development of obesity, which is the current health problem of the world. BPA is an endocrine disrupting chemical known to have in vitro effects on glucose metabolism and adipose tissue. In a limited number of clinical and epidemiological studies, BPA has been shown to be associated with diabetes and obesity. For this purpose, the current literature related to this issue has been reviewed and the effects of BPA on obesity have been compiled both in the world and in our country.

5. DETERMINING THE PREVALENCE OF OBESITY AND THE EFFECTIVE RISK FACTORS IN ADOLESCENTS IN THE AGE GROUP OF 15-18 YEARS AT A SECONDARY SCHOOL
Yıl: 2019 Cilt: 13 Sayı: 2 Sayfa Aralığı: 203 - 211
Veri Tabanı: Fen

Amaç: Araştırma, Çankırı ilinde bir ortaöğretim okulundaki 15-18 yaş grubu adölesanlarda obezite prevelansını ve etkileyen risk faktörlerini belirlemek amacıyla gerçekleştirildi. Yöntem: Araştırma, Şubat-Nisan 2017 tarihleri arasında Çankırı ilindeki bir ortaöğretim kurumunda öğrenim gören 15-18 yaş grubundaki toplam 402 adölesan ile tanımlayıcı ve kesitsel olarak yürütüldü. Adölesanların vücut ağırlığı, boy uzunluğu ölçüldü ve beden kitle indeksleri hesaplandı. Bulgular: Araştırmada öğrencilerin % 16.7’sinin obez olduğu saptanmıştır. Obezite sıklığı; yüksek sosyoekonomik düzey, televizyon ve bilgisayar karşısında uzun süreli hareketsiz kalma, azalmış fiziksel aktivite, ailede obezite öyküsünün bulunması, hızlı yemek yeme ve diyet yapma ile ilişkili bulunmuştur (p<0.05). Öğrencilerin Beslenme Alışkanlıkları İndeksi’ne göre % 59.5’inin orta ve % 27.9’unun yüksek risk grubunda olduğu belirlenmiştir. Ayrıca öğrencilerin beden kitle indeksi değerleri ile beslenme alışkanlıkları puanları arasında ise negatif yönlü ve anlamlı bir ilişki olduğu saptanmıştır (r=-0.406; p<0.001). Sonuç: Araştırmada incelenen adölesanlarda obezite prevelansının yüksek olduğu belirlenmiştir. Adölesanlarda obezitenin önlenmesi ve yönetimi için sağlıklı beslenme ve düzenli fiziksel aktivitenin kazandırılmasına yönelik daha etkili halk sağlığı programlarının uygulanması önerilmektedir.

6. Güncel kılavuzlar eşliğinde çocukluk çağı hipertansiyonu
Yıl: 2020 Cilt: 55 Sayı: 1 Sayfa Aralığı: 11 - 22
Veri Tabanı: Fen

Çocuk ve ergenlerde son yıllarda sıklığı artan hipertansiyon önemli bir halk sağlığı sorunu haline gelmiştir. Çocukluk dönemindeki yüksek kan basıncı sadece çocukluk döneminde morbidite ve mortalite artışına değil aynı zamanda erişkin dönemdeki hipertansiyon ve artmış kardiyovasküler olaylara da yol açmaktadır. Bu kaygılar ile 2016 yılında European Society of Hypertension ve 2017 yılında American Academy of Pediatrics çocukluk çağı hipertansiyon kılavuzlarını güncellemiştir. Bu derlemede bu iki kılavuz ve güncel dizinler ışığında çocuklarda hipertansiyon tanımı, sıklığı, risk etmenleri, tanı yöntemleri, tedavi şeması ve önlemek için yapılması gereken adımlardan söz edilecektir.

Arama Sonuçlarını Kaydet


TÜBİTAK ULAKBİM Ulusal Akademik Ağ ve Bilgi Merkezi Cahit Arf Bilgi Merkezi © 2019 Tüm Hakları Saklıdır.