Y.Ferda TATAROĞLU
(İstanbul Üniversitesi, Ekonomi Fakültesi, İstanbul, Türkiye)
Yıl: 2009Cilt: 10Sayı: 2ISSN: 1302-6739 / 1308-6979Sayfa Aralığı: 310 - 323Türkçe

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Reel efektif döviz kurunun durağanlığının yapısal kırılmalı panel birim kök testleri kullanılarak sınanması
ÖZET: Ülkelerin ekonomik istikrarı hakkında önemli bilgiler veren reel döviz kurlarının durağanlığını incelemek için son yıllarda oldukça fazla çalışma yapılmaktadır. Reel döviz kurlarının durağanlığını analiz etmek için, serinin hem genel hem de bireysel olarak durağanlığının incelenmesine imkan tanıyan panel birim kök testleri sıklıkla kullanılmaktadır. Genel olarak, makro iktisadi zaman serilerinde bazı yıllarda yapısal kırılmalar olduğu görülmektedir. Bu kırılmalar dikkate alınmadan birim kök testleri yapılırsa; kırılma noktası dikkate alınarak durağan olan bir seride, durağanlığın reddi gibi yanıltıcı bir sonuçla karşılaşılabilinir. Bu çalışmada, 25 OECD ülkesinde Satın Alma Gücü Paritesi teorisinin geçerliliğini sınamak için uygulanan panel durağanlık testleri, yapısal kırılmanın olduğu ve olmadığı durumlarda ele alınmıştır. Sonuçlara göre, yapısal kırılma dikkate alınmadan yapılan birim kök testlerinde sadece 10 ülkede SGP teorisi geçerli iken, kırılmalar dikkate alındığında teorinin ülkelerin tamamında geçerli olduğu görülmüştür.
Sosyal > İşletme
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