HANDE DEMİR
(Osmaniye Korkut Ata Üniversitesi, Mühendislik Fakültesi, Gıda Mühendisliği Bölümü, Osmaniye, Türkiye)
Canan TARI
(İzmir Yüksek Teknoloji Enstitüsü, Gıda Mühendisliği Bölümü, İzmir, Türkiye)
Yıl: 2015Cilt: 40Sayı: 2ISSN: 1300-3070 / 1309-6273Sayfa Aralığı: 117 - 124Türkçe

48 0
Tarıma dayalı sanayi atıklarının katı kültür fermantasyonu ile değerlendirilmesi: Sürece etki eden faktörlere genel bakış
Katı-kültür fermantasyonu (KKF) batı ülkelerinin son yıllarda ilgisini çekmiş olan fakat doğu ülkeleri tarafından çok eski zamanlardan beri kullanılagelen bir teknolojidir. KKF, mühendislik ve çevresel açıdan bakıldığında birçok ürün ve biyolojik işlemin gelişimi için uygun bir yöntem olmakla birlikte, hâlihazırda derin kültür fermantasyonu ile rekabeti devam etmektedir. Bu derleme makalede KKF’nin tanımı, kısa tarihçesi, tarıma dayalı sanayi atık kullanımının avantajları ve kısıtları ile birlikte inert yataklar hakkında bilgi verilmektedir. Derlemenin önemli bir bölümünde ise inokülüm oranı, inkübasyon süre ve sıcaklığı, nem içeriği ve su aktivitesi, başlangıç pH’ı, parçacık büyüklüğü, karıştırma ve inokülüm türü gibi KKF işlemlerini etkileyen etkenler özetlenmiştir. Her bir etkenin KKF işlemleri üzerindeki etkisi teorik olarak detaylandırılmakla kalmayıp, aynı zamanda literatürde yer alan çalışmalar yardımıyla da tartışılmıştır. Bu makale KKF işlemleriyle ilgilenen araştırmacılara ışık tutacağı gibi tarıma dayalı sanayi atıklarına katma değer kazandırılması konusunda da üreticilere yol gösterecektir.
Fen > Mühendislik > Gıda Bilimi ve Teknolojisi
DergiDerlemeErişime Açık
  • 1. Bhargav S, Panda BP, Ali M, Javed S. 2008. Solid-state fermentation: an overview. Chem Biochem Eng Q 22, 49-70.
  • 2. Couto SR, Sanroman MA. 2006. Application of solid-state fermentation to food industry. J Food Eng 76, 291-302.
  • 3. Dhillon GS, Brar SK, Verma M, Tyagi RD. 2011. Utilization of different agro-industrial wastes for sustainable bioproduction of citric acid by Aspergillus niger. Biochem Eng J54, 83-92.
  • 4. Ucuncu C, Tari C, Demir H, Büyükkileci AO, Ozen B. 2013. Dilute-acid hydrolysis of apple, orange, apricot and peach pomaces as potential candidates for bioethanol production. J Biobased Mater Bioenergy 7, 376-389.
  • 5. Camilios-Neto D, Bugay C, Santana-Filho AP, Joslin T, de Souza LM, Sassaki GL, Mitchell DA, Krieger N. 2011. Production of rhamnolipids in solid-state cultivation using a mixture of sugarcane bagasse and corn bran supplemented with glycerol and soybean oil. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 89, 1395-1403.
  • 6. Demir H. 2012. Production of pectinase from Aspergillus sojae by solid-state fermentation. Ph.D. Dissertation, Izmir Institute of Technology, Department of Food Engineering, Izmir, Turkey, 206 p.
  • 7. Brijwani K, Vadlani PV. 2011. Cellulolytic enzymes production via solid-state fermentation: effect of pretreatment methods on physicochemical characteristics of substrate. Enz Res doi:10.4061/ 2011/860134.
  • 8. Singhania RR, Soccol CR, Pandey A. 2008. Application of tropical agro-industrial residues as substrate for solid-state fermentation processes. In: Current developments in solid-state fermentation, Pandey A, Larroche C, Soccol CR (eds). Springer, Delhi, pp 412-442.
  • 9. Antoine AA, Jacqueline D, Thonart P. 2010. Xylanase production by Penicillium canescens on soya oil cake in solid-state fermentation. Appl Biochem Biotechnol 160, 50-62.
  • 10. Chaari F, Kamoun A, Bhiri F, Blibech M, Ellouze- Ghorbel R, Ellouz-Chaabouni S. 2012. Statistical optimization for the production of lichenase by a newly isolated Bacillus licheniformis UEB CF in solid state fermentation using pea pomace as a novel solid support. Ind Crops Prod 40, 192-198.
  • 11. Gassara F, Brar SK, Tyagi RD, Verma M, Surampalli RY. 2010. Screening of agro-industrial wastes to produce ligninolytic enzymes by Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Biochem Eng J 49, 388-394.
  • 12. Madeira Jr JV, Macedo JA, Macedo GA. 2011. Detoxification of castor bean residues and the simultaneous production of tannase and phytase by solid-state fermentation using Paecilomyces variotii. Bioresour Technol 102, 7343-7348.
  • 13. Mazaheri D, Shojaosadati SA, Mousavi SM, Hejazi P, Saharkhiz S. 2012. Bioethanol production from carob pods by solid-state fermentation with Zymomonas mobilis. Appl Energy 99, 372-378.
  • 14. Rani R, Ghosh S. 2011. Production of phytase under solid-state fermentation using Rhizopus oryzae : novel strain improvement approach and studies on purification and characterization. Bioresour Technol 102, 10641-10649.
  • 15. Sugumaran KR, Gowthami E, Swathi B, Elakki- ya S, Srivastava SN, Ravikumar R, Gowdhaman D, Ponnusami V. 2013. Production of pullulan by Aureobasidium pullulans from asian palm kernel: a novel substrate. Carbohydr Polym 92, 697-703.
  • 16. Freitas P, Martin N, Silva D, Silva R, Gomes E. 2006. Production and partial characterization of polygalacturonases produced by thermophilic Monascus sp. N8 and by thermotolerant Aspergillus sp. N12 on solid-state fermentation. Braz J Microbiol 37, 302-306.
  • 17. Balkan B, Ertan F. 2010. The production of a new fungal alpha-amylase degraded the raw starch by means of solid-state fermentation. Prep Biochem Biotechnol 40, 213-228.
  • 18. Liu CQ, Chen QH, Tang B, Ruan H, He GQ. 2007. Response surface methodology for optimizing the fermentation medium of alpha-galactosidase in solid-state fermentation. Lett Appl Microbiol 45, 206-212.
  • 19. Banos JG, Tomasini A, Szakács G, Barrios- González J. 2009. High lovastatin production by Aspergillus terreus in solid-state fermentation on polyurethane foam: an artificial inert support. J Biosci Bioeng 108(2), 105-110.
  • 20. Gamarra NN, Villena GK, Gutiérrez-Correa M. 2010. Cellulase Production by Aspergillus niger in biofilm, solid-state, and submerged fermentations. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 87, 545-551.
  • 21. Hongzhang C, Hui W, Aijun Z, Zuohu L. 2006. Alkaline protease production by solid state fermentation on polyurethane foam. Chem Biochem Eng Q 20(1), 93-97.
  • 22. Javed S, Asgher M, Sheikh MA, Nawaz H, Jamil A. 2011. Enhanced citric acid production by Aspergillus niger EB-3 mutant using an inert solid support in molasses medium. Afr J Biotechnol 10(55), 11784-11791.
  • 23. Penha MP, Leao MHMR, Leite SGF. 2012. Sugarcane bagasse as support for the production of coconut aroma by solid state fermentation (SSF). Bioresour 7(2), 2366-2375.
  • 24. Renovato J, Gutiérrez-Sánchez G, Rodr?guez- Durán LV, Bergman C, Rodr?guez R, Aguilar CN. 2011. Differential properties of Aspergillus niger tannase produced under solid-state and submerged fermentations. A ppl Biochem Biotechnol 165, 382-395.
  • 25. Xu X, Yu Y, Shi Y. 2011. Evaluation of inert and organic carriers for Verticillium lecanii spore production in solid-state fermentation. Biotechnol Lett 33, 763-768.
  • 26. Kumar YS, Varakumar S, Reddy OVS. 2010. Production and optimization of polygalacturonase from mango ( Mangifera indica L.) peel using Fusarium moniliforme in solid state fermentation. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 26, 1973-1980.
  • 27. Pal A, Khanum F. 2010. Production and extraction optimization of xylanase from Aspergillus niger DFR-5 through solid-state fermentation. Bioresour Technol 101, 7563-7569.
  • 28. Rodriguez-Leon JA, Soccol CR, Pandey A, Roddguez DE. 2008. Factors affecting solid-state fermentation. In: Current developments in solid- state fermentation, Pandey A, Larroche C, Soccol CR (eds). Springer, Delhi, pp 230-252.
  • 29. Raghavarao K, Ranganathan T, Karanth N. 2003. Some engineering aspects of solid-state fermentation. Biochem Eng J 13, 127-135.
  • 30. Bellon-Maurel V, Orlaiac O, Christen P. 2003. Sensors and measurements in solid state fermentation: a review. Process Biochem 38, 881-896.
  • 31. Patil S, Dayanand A. 2006. Optimization of process for the production of fungal pectinases from deseeded sunflower head in submerged and solid-state conditions. Bioresour Technol 97, 2340-2344.
  • 32. Alcantara SR, Almeida FAC, Silva FLH. 2010. Pectinases production by solid state fermentation with cashew apple bagasse: water activity and influence of nitrogen source. Second International Congress on Industrial Biotechnology, 11-14 April, Padua, Italy, http://www.aidic.it/ibic2010/webpapers/ 21Alcantara.pdf (accessed 17 June 2014).
  • 33. Pandey A, Soccol CR, Mitchell D. 2000. New developments in solid state fermentation: I-bioprocesses and products. Process Biochem 35, 1153-1169.
  • 34. Roses RP, Guerra NP. 2009. Optimization of amylase production by Aspergillus niger in solid-state fermentation using sugarcane bagasse as solid support material. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 25, 1929-1939.
  • 35. Krishna C. 2005. Solid-state fermentation systems-an overview. Crit Rev Biotechnol 25, 1-30.
  • 36. Lee CK, Darah I, Ibrahim CO. 2011. Production and optimization of cellulase enzyme using As- pergillus niger USM AI 1 and comparison with Trichoderma reesei via solid state fermentation system. Biotechnol Res Int doi: 10.4061/2011/ 658493.
  • 37. Gasiorek E. 2008. Effect of operating conditions on biomass growth during citric acid production by solid-state fermentation. Chem Papers 62, 141-146.
  • 38. Mitchell DA, Berovic M, Krieger N. 2006. Introduction to solid-state fermentation bioreactors. In: Solid-state fermentation bioreactors: fundamentals of design and operation, Mitchell DA, Krieger N, Berovi_ M (eds). Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 33-45.
  • 39. Ramachandran S, Larocche C, Pandey A. 2008. Production of spores, In: Current developments in solid-state fermentation , Pandey A, Larroche C, Soccol CR (eds). Springer, Delhi, p 232.
  • 40. Chutmanop J, Chuichulcherm S, Chisti Y, Srinophakun P. 2008. Protease production by Aspergillus oryzae in solid-state fermentation using agroindustrial substrates. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 83, 1012-1018.
  • 41. Costa JAV, Colla E, Magagnin G, Santos LO, Vendruscolo M, Bertolin TE. 2007. Simultaneous amyloglucosidase and exo-polygalacturonase production by Aspergillus niger using solid-state fermentation. Braz Arch Biol Technol 50, 759-766.

TÜBİTAK ULAKBİM Ulusal Akademik Ağ ve Bilgi Merkezi Cahit Arf Bilgi Merkezi © 2019 Tüm Hakları Saklıdır.