FATMA FERYAL ÇUBUKÇU
(Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi, İzmir, Türkiye)
Yıl: 2011Cilt: 1Sayı: 2ISSN: 2146-4812 / 2148-144XSayfa Aralığı: 73 - 85İngilizce

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The Interface between Critical Thinking Strategies and Moral Development
Fabl çocuklar için hem hayvanlar hem de insan dünyasına açılan mükemmel bir pencere görevindedir. Bunun dışında, fablların, öykü anlatımıyla okunması, tartışılması, imgelenmesi ve kişileştirilmesi çok zevklidir. Fabl nedir ne değildir konusunda yazan sayısız eleştirmen ve düşünür vardır. Bunlardan biri olan John Locke sosyal konularda sorunun olduğu zamanlarda özellikle eğitimde dil öğretiminde fabl kullanımını tavsiye eder. Aynı şekilde La Fontaine de fablın eğitimsel yanını öne çıkartır. Gerçekte fabl, ahlaki ders verme amacıyla yazılmış olan ve alegorik özellik taşıyan öğütlerdir. Ahlaki gelişim kuramlarından birini savunan Lawrence Kohlberg sanatın ahlaki gelişmeye yardımcı olabileceğini belirtir. Ahlaki gelişimde evrensel eğilimler olduğunu gösteren deneysel deliller mevcut olduğunu ve ahlaki gelişimin öğretme veya büyümenin sonucu olduğunu savunan fikirlere şiddetle karşı çıkan L. Kohlberg (1971), deneysel çalışmaların psikoanalitik ekollerin bulgularını çürüttüğünü de savunmaktadır: ebeveynlerin çocuklarının dürtüleriyle başa çıkma yollarıyla kişilerin sonraki davranış ve tutumları arasında bir bağlantı yoktur. Daha çok bireyin sosyal çevresiyle olan iletişiminin sonucu olduğunu ve bireyin üstlendiği rollerin bu ahlaki gelişimde rol oynadığını belirtir. L. Kohlberg’in sanatın kişilere ahlak eğitimi verebileceği tezinden hareketle, bu çalışma, Aesop masallarının eleştirel düşünmeyi ve ahlaki gelişimi ne kadar etkileyebileceği üzerinedir.
Sosyal > Beşeri Bilimler
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