MURAT BALKIS
(Pamukkale Üniversitesi, Eğitim Fakültesi, Psikolojik Danışma ve Rehberlik Anabilim Dalı, Denizli, Türkiye)
GÖKMEN ARSLAN
(Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi, Psikolojik Danışma ve Rehberlik Bölümü, Isparta, Türkiye)
ERDİNÇ DURU
(Pamukkale Üniversitesi, Eğitim Fakültesi, Psikolojik Danışma ve Rehberlik Anabilim Dalı, Denizli, Türkiye)
Yıl: 2016Cilt: 16Sayı: 6ISSN: 1303-0485 / 2148-7561Sayfa Aralığı: 1819 - 1831İngilizce

189 0
The School Absenteeism among High School Students: Contributing Factors*
The aim of this study was to examine the direct and indirect relationship between student school absenteeism, personal factors (academic self- perception, attitudes towards teacher and school, goal valuation and motivation/self-regulation), family factors (parents' educational level and income), and academic achievement in structural equation model. Four hundred and twenty three high school students participated in the study. The findings revealed that student absenteeism was negatively related to academic self-perception, attitudes towards teacher and school, goal valuation, motivation/ self-regulation, and academic performance. Results also revealed that student absenteeism differed in respect to parents' educational level and income. Results from SEM analyses noticed that personal and family factors significantly predict previous and current student absenteeism. SEM analyses also revealed that previous student absenteeism significantly predict previous academic achievement. Finally, SEM analyses noticed that previous student absenteeism and previous academic achievement can predict current student absenteeism. Contribution and implications of these findings were discussed in detail
Sosyal > Eğitim, Eğitim Araştırmaları
DergiAraştırma MakalesiErişime Kapalı
  • Adıgüzel, A., & Karadaş, H. (2013). Ortaöğretim öğrencilerinin okula ilişkin tutumlarının devamsızlık ve okul başarıları arasındaki ilişki [The level of effect of high school students' attitudes towards school on their absenteeism and school success]. YYÜ Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 10(1), 49-66.
  • Altınkurt, Y. (2008). Öğrenci devamsızlıklarının nedenleri ve devamsızlığın akademik başarıya olan etkisi [The reasons for students irregular attendance and the effect on this students irregular attendance on their academic achievement]. Dumlupınar Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 20, 129-142.
  • Attwood, G., & Croll, P. (2006). Truancy in secondary school pupils: Prevalence, trajectories and pupil perspectives. Research Papers in Education, 21, 467-484.
  • Balkis, M., & Arslan, G. (2016). Okul tutumu değerlendirme ölçeğinin psikometrik özellikleri: Güvenirlik ve geçerlik çalışması [Psychometrics properties of School Attitude Assessment Survey: A study of reliability and validity]. Uşak Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 9(1), 1-16.
  • Byer, J. (2000, November). The effects of absences and academic self-concept on academic achievement in two eleventh-grade U. S. history classes. Paper presented at the meeting of the Mid-South Educational Research Association, Bowling Green, KY.
  • Corville-Smith, J., Ryan, B. A., Adams, G. R., & Dalicandro, T. (1998). Distinguishing absentee students from regular attenders: The combined influence of personal, family, and school factors. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 27, 629-649.
  • Devadoss, S., & Foltz, J. (1996) Evaluation of factors influencing student class attendance and performance. American Journal of Agriculture Economics, 78, 499-507.
  • Eaton, D. K., Brener, N., & Kann, L. K. (2008). Associations of health risk behaviors with school absenteeism: Does having permission for the absence make a difference? Journal of School Health, 78(4), 223-229.
  • Epstein, J. L., & Sheldon, S. B. (2002). Present and accounted for: Improving student attendance through family and community involvement. Journal of Educational Research, 95(5), 308-318.
  • Gottfried, M. A. (2009). Excused versus unexcused: How student absences in elementary school affect academic achievement. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 31(4), 392-415.
  • Gökyer, N. (2012). Ortaöğretim okullarındaki devamsızlık nedenlerine ilişkin öğrenci görüşleri [The views of students on the causes of absenteeism at high schools]. Kastamonu Eğitim Fakültesi, 20(3), 913-938.
  • Gump, S. E. (2006). Guess who's (not) coming to class: Student's attitudes as indicators of attendance. Educational Studies, 32(1), 39-46.
  • Henry, K. L. (2007). Who's skipping school: Characteristics of truants in 8th and 10th grade? Journal of School Health, 77(1), 29-35.
  • Hortaçsu, N. (1995). Parents' education levels, parents' beliefs, and child outcomes. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 156(3), 373-383.
  • Ingul, J. M., Klöckner, C. A., Silverman, W. K., & Nordahl, H. M. (2012). Adolescent school absenteeism: Modelling social and individual risk factors. Child Adolescent Mental Health, 17(2), 93-100.
  • Klem, A. M., & Connell, J. P. (2004). Relationships matter: Linking teacher support to student engagement and achievement. Journal of School Health, 74, 262-273.
  • Kline, R. B. (2005). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Guilford.
  • Korir, E. K., Charo, M. B., Ogochi, G., & Thinguri, R. (2014). Student school attendance and academic performance in Njoro District, Kenya: A relational analysis. Research Journal's Journal of Education, 2(5), 1-7.
  • Kottasz, R. (2005). Reasons for non-attendance at lectures and tutorials. University Teaching and Learning, 2(2), 5-16.
  • Marburger, D. R. 2001. Absenteeism and undergraduate exam performance. Journal of Economic Education, 32(2), 99-109.
  • McCoach, D. B., & Siegel, D. (2003). The school attitude assessment survey-revised: A new instrument to identify academically able students who underachieve. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 63(3), 414-429.
  • McCluskey, C. P., Bynum, T. S., & Patchin, J. W. (2004). Reducing chronic absenteeism: An assessment of an early truancy initiative. Crime & Delinquency, 50, 214-234.
  • McCray, E. D. (2006). It's 10 a.m.: Do you know where your children are? The persisting issue of school truancy. Intervention in School and Clinic, 42(1), 30-33.
  • Moonie, S., Sterling, D. A., Figgs, L. W., & Castro, M. (2008). The relationship between school absence, academic performance, and asthma status. Journal of School Health, 78, 140-148.
  • Moore, S., Armstrong, C., & Pearson, J. (2008). Lecture absenteeism among students in higher education: A valuable route to understanding student motivation. Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management, 30(1), 15-24.
  • Morrissey, T. W., Hutchison, L. A., & Winsler, A. (2014). Family income, school absences, and student achievement. Developmental Psychology, 50(3), 741-753.
  • Nichols, J. (2003). Prediction indicators for students failing the state of Indiana high school graduation exam. Preventing School Failure, 47(3), 112-120.
  • Öztekin, Ö. (2013). Lise öğrencilerinin devamsızlık nedenlerinin incelenmesi [An examination of the reasons of high school students' absenteeism]. (Master's thesis, Eskişehir Osmangazi University, Eskişehir, Turkey). Retrieved from https://tez.yok.gov.tr/UlusalTezMerkezi/
  • Paisey, C., & Paisey, N. J. (2004). Student attendance in an accounting module - reasons for non-attendance and the effect on academic achievement at a Scottish university. Accounting Education, 13(1), 39-53.
  • Pehlivan, Z. (2006). Resmi genel liselerde öğrenci devamsızlığı ve buna dönük okul yönetimi politikaları (Ankara ili örneği) [The absenteeism at state secondary schools and related school management policies (Ankara Case)]. (Doctoral dissertation, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey). Retrieved from https://tez.yok.gov.tr/UlusalTezMerkezi/
  • Reid, K. (1982). The self-concept and persistent school absenteeism. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 52(2), 179-187.
  • Rothman, S. (2001). School absence and student background factors: A multilevel analysis. International Education Journal, 2(1), 59-68.
  • Schwartz, L. A., Radcliffe, J., & Barakat, L. P. (2009). Associates of school absenteeism in adolescents with sickle cell disease. Pediatric Blood Cancer, 52, 92-96.
  • Simons, E., Hwang S.-A., Fitzgerald, E. F., Kielb, C., & Lin, S. (2010). The impact of school building conditions on student absenteeism in upstate New York. American Journal of Public Health, 100(9), 1679-1686.
  • Smink, J., & Reimer, M. (2005). Fifteen effective strategies for improving student attendance and reducing truancy. National Dropout Prevention Center/Network, Clemson University. Retrieved from http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED485683.pdf
  • Southworth, P. (1992). Psychological and social characteristics associated with persistent absence among secondary aged school children with special reference to different categories of persistent absence. Personality and Individual Differences, 13, 367-376.
  • Suldo, S. M., Shaffer, E. J., & Shaunessy, E. (2008). An independent investigation of the validity of the school attitude assessment survey revised. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 26(1), 69-82.
  • Tanner-Smith, E. E., & Wilson, S. J. (2013). A meta-analysis of the effects of dropout prevention programs on school absenteeism. Prevention Science, 14, 468-478.
  • Teasley, M. L. (2004). Absenteeism and truancy: Risk, protection, and best practice implications for school social workers. Children and Schools, 26(2), 117-128.
  • Valiente, C., Lemery-Chalfant, K., Swanson, J., & Reiser, M. (2008). Prediction of children's academic competence from their effortful control, relationships, and classroom participation. Journal of Educational Psychology, 100(1), 67-77.
  • Veenstra, R., Lindenberg, S., Tinga, F., & Ormel, J. (2010). Truancy in late elementary and early secondary education: The influence of social bonds and self-control. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 34, 302-310.
  • Yakovlev, P., & Kinney, L. (2008). Additional evidence on the effect of class attendance on academic performance. Atlantic Economics Journal, 36, 493-494.
  • Yıldız, M., & Kula, K. Ş. (2011). Elazığ ilindeki ilköğretim ikinci kademe öğrencilerinin devamsızlık sebeplerinin incelenmesi [The investigation causes of absenteeism among the students of primary schools in the province of Elazığ]. Fırat Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 23(2), 133-140.
  • Watkins, R., & Watkins, E. (1994). At-risk: A local study of a national issue. Journal of Instructional Psychology, 21, 290-297.
  • Wyatt, G. (1992). Skipping class: An analysis of absenteeism among first-year college students. Teaching Sociology, 20, 201-207.
  • Wilkins, J. (2008). School characteristics that influence student attendance: Experiences of students in a school avoidance program. The High School Journal, 91(3), 12-24.

TÜBİTAK ULAKBİM Ulusal Akademik Ağ ve Bilgi Merkezi Cahit Arf Bilgi Merkezi © 2019 Tüm Hakları Saklıdır.