Mustafa ALKAN
(Plant Protection Central Research Institute, Ankara, Turkey)
ŞEYDA ŞİMŞEK
(Bozok University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Plant Protection, Yozgat, Turkey)
MELİH YILAR
(Ahi Evran University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Plant Protection, Kırşehir, Turkey)
Sait ERTÜRK
(Plant Protection Central Research Institute, Ankara, TURKEY)
Yıl: 2018Cilt: 58Sayı: 2ISSN: 0406-3597 / 1308-8122Sayfa Aralığı: 75 - 82İngilizce

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Behavioural and insecticidal activity of Salvia officinalis L. (Lamiaceae) essential oil against Tribolium confusum Jacquelin du Val (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) and Rhyzopertha dominica Fabricius (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae)
The insecticidal and behavioural effects of Salvia spp. on stored product pests hasbeen known for a long period. The aim of this work is to investigate the efficacyof essential oil obtained from sage [Salvia officinalis L. (Lamiaceae)] as repellentand contact toxicity against two important stored grain insects Tribolium confusumJacquelin du Val (Col: Tenebrionidae) and Rhyzopertha dominica (Fabricius)(Col: Bostrichidae) under laboratory conditions. In the repellent activity test, fourconcentrations were used (0.047 μl/cm2, 0.118 μl/cm2, 0.236 μl/cm2 and 0.590μl/cm2) and the experiments were carried out on glass petri dishes. In contactactivity tests, essential oil solutions prepared at a concentration of 10% (v/v) wereapplied to insects with a hand-operated microapplicator at 0.1 μl/insect doseand dead individuals were recorded after 24 hours. The highest repellent activitywas seen against R. dominica at 53.33%, at 0.118 μl/cm2 concentration after halfan hour, compared with a rate of 36.67% at 1/2 hour of 0.118 μl/cm2 dose inT. confusum. In contact toxicity studies, 91.02% mortality was found forR. dominica, while for T. confusum this mortality was 33.67%. The results of thisstudy show that essential oils of S. officinalis have significant contact toxicity onadults of R. dominica.
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