YILDIRIM GÜNGÖR
(İstanbul Üniversitesi Cerrahpaşa)
ÜNAL AKKEMİK
(İstanbul Üniversitesi Cerrahpaşa)
CEM KASAPÇI
(İstanbul Üniversitesi Cerrahpaşa)
Ece BAŞARAN
(İstanbul Üniversitesi Cerrahpaşa)
Yıl: 2019Cilt: 69Sayı: 1ISSN: 2602-4039Sayfa Aralığı: 22 - 34İngilizce

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Geology and woods of a new fossil forest from the Early Miocene of Gökçeada (Turkey)
In Gökçeada, metamorphic, sedimentary and volcanic rocks from the period covering the Paleozoic to the Upper Miocene periods have formed outcrops over time. A newly identified fossil forest site in Gökçeada covers an area of approximately 1.5 square kilometers of land situated near the coastline. Silicified trees in the area from the early Miocene period were observed to present three phases of pyroclastic deposition, namely: the complete silicification phase, the half silicification phase and the coal phase. The purpose of this study is to present the paleobiology and paleoecology of the wood flora and the geological formation of the fossil forest site, and to evaluate this information in terms of paleoclimatology. Sixteen (16) petrified pieces of wood thought to have originated from the upper slopes and found on the sea shore were collected, with three planes of thin sections taken from each one. A total of 12 types of woods were identified, as follows: three conifers (Cupressinoxylon, Sequoioxylon and Pinoxylon) and nine angiosperms (Alnoxylon, Carpinoxylon, Ostryoxylon, Palmoxylon type 1 and 2, Fagoxylon, Quercoxylon sect. Ilex, Laurinoxylon and Platanoxylon). The wood composition in Gökçeada is similar to that of the wood flora of the Miocene in Lesvos, showing the presence of riparian, well-drained lowland and coastal trees.
Fen > Temel Bilimler > Çevre Bilimleri
DergiAraştırma MakalesiErişime Açık
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