Çağrı ŞAHİN
(İzmir Yüksek Teknoloji Enstitüsü, Mühendislik Fakültesi, Çevre Mühendisliği Bölümü, İzmir, Türkiye)
M. Ekrem KARPUZCU
(İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi, İnşaat Fakültesi, Çevre Mühendisliği Bölümü, İstanbul, Türkiye)
Yıl: 2019Cilt: 23Sayı: 1ISSN: 1300-7688 / 1308-6529Sayfa Aralığı: 148 - 156Türkçe

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Organofosfatlı Pestisitlerin Pilot Ölçekli Sulak Alan Reaktörlerinde Gideriminin İncelenmesi
Modern tarımın yaygınlaşmasıyla birlikte dünyada pestisit kullanımı artmıştır. Birçok ülkede olduğu gibi ülkemizde de aşırı ve bilinçsizce pestisit kullanımı sonucunda su ve toprak ortamında giderek artan miktarlarda pestisit kirlenmesi görülmektedir. Meriç- Ergene Havzası’nda bulunan ve etrafında yoğun bir şekilde çeltik tarımı yapılan Meriç Deltası sulak alanları da bu kirlenmenin görüldüğü bölgelerden biridir. Bu çalışma kapsamında, Meriç Deltası sulak alanlarından numuneler alınarak organofosfatlı pestisitlerin akıbeti incelenmiştir. Sulak alanları temsil etmesi amacıyla pilot ölçekli reaktörle çalışılmış, seçilen 4 organofosfatlı pestisit (Chlorpyrifos, Dichlorvos, Fenthion, Diazinon) için biyolojik ayrışma ve adsorpsiyon deneyleri yapılmıştır. Pilot ölçekli sistemde, seçilen pestisitlerin yarı ömürleri belirlenmiş ve bitki ve sediment üzerine adsorpsiyon miktarları ölçülmüştür. Aynı zamanda pestisitlerin yeraltı suyuna sızma potansiyelleri GUS (“Groundwater Ubiquity Score” / “Yeraltı Suyunda Mevcudiyet Katsayısı”) kullanılarak hesaplanmıştır. Elde edilen sonuçlar serbest yüzey akışlı yapay sulak alan sistemlerinin organofosfatlı pestisitlerin giderimindeki etkinliğini ortaya koymuştur. Bu çalışmadan elde edilen sonuçlar, organofosfatlı pestisitlerin giderimi için önerilen yapay sulak alanların tasarımı için yol gösterici niteliktedir.
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