Doğuş ŞİMŞEK
(Koç Üniversitesi, İnsani Bilimler ve Edebiyat Fakültesi, İstanbul, Türkiye)
Yıl: 2019Cilt: 17Sayı: 65ISSN: 1303-9202Sayfa Aralığı: 10 - 32Türkçe

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TÜRKİYE’DEKİ SURİYELİ ÇOCUKLARIN EĞİTİME ERİŞİMİ: ENGELLER VE ÖNERİLER
Suriye’deki iç savaş nedeniyle oluşan göç hareketi, İkinci Dünya Savaşı’ndan bu yana en büyükkitle göçü olarak tarihe geçmiştir. Suriyeli mültecilerin büyük çoğunluğu Türkiye’de ikametetmektedir. Türkiye’deki 3.6 milyondan fazla Suriyeli mülteciden yaklaşık 1.1 milyonu okulçağındadır. UNICEF ‘in verilerine göre Ocak 2019 itibarıyla Türkiye’deki devlet okullarınakayıtlı olan 645 bin çocuğa karşı, yaklaşık 400 bin çocuk eğitime erişememektedir. Bumakalede, Türkiye’deki Suriyeli mültecilerin entegrasyon süreçlerinin, çocuklarının eğitimeerişimine etkisi açıklanmıştır. İstanbul ve Gaziantep’de toplam 50 Suriyeli mülteci ile yüz yüzederinlemesine yapılan görüşmeler sonucunda elde edilen veriler çerçevesinde bu makaledeTürkiye’nin Suriyeli mültecilere yönelik entegrasyon politikasının Suriyeli çocukların eğitimeerişimleri üzerindeki etkisi araştırılmış ve literatür kapsamında tartışılmıştır. Bu çalışmadaayrıca, mülteci ailelerin entegrasyon süreçlerini ve çocuklarının eğitime erişimini olumsuzetkileyen sosyal, politik ve ekonomik etmenler açıklanarak mülteci çocukların eğitimeentegrasyonu ile ilgili politika önerileri de sunulmuştur. Bu makalede, Suriyeli mültecilerintemel haklara erişimde yaşadıkları sıkıntıların çocuklarının eğitime erişimini olumsuz yöndeetkilediği savunulmuştur.
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