Buse ÇETİNKAYA
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Esra USLU
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Yıl: 2020Cilt: 11Sayı: 4ISSN: 1309-470X / 1309-5994Sayfa Aralığı: 574 - 581Türkçe

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Parmak Ucundaki Bakım: Mobil Uygulama ve Şizofreni Hastalarının Bakımında Kullanımı
Mobil sağlık; sağlık alanında giyilebilir teknolojiler, mesaj servisleri ve mobil cihazlar gibi bilgi ve iletişim teknolojilerinin kullanımını kapsar. Mobil sağlığın bir ayağı olan mobil cihazların kullanımındaki artış sağlık hizmetleri sunumunu etkilemiş ve bakımda etkili bir araç haline gelmiştir. Mobil cihazlarla birlikte gelişen mobil uygulamalar ise sağlığın farklı alanlarında kullanılır olmuştur. Bu alanlardan birisi de ruh sağlığıdır. Ruhsal problem yaşayan bireyler; kullanımının kolay olması, damgalamadan uzak bir ortam sunması, öz yönetim imkanı tanıması ve kolay erişilebilir olması gibi nedenlerle mobil uygulamaları tercih etmektedir. Mobil uygulamalar dünya üzerinde 21 milyondan fazla kişiyi etkileyen şizofreni hastaları için de etkili bir seçenektir. Bu hastaların sıklıkla bakım verenlerin desteğine ihtiyaç duyduğu ve hastalıklarının yönetimine etkin katılmayı istediği göz önünde bulundurulduğunda mobil uygulamalar karşımızsa bir fırsat olarak çıkmaktadır. Ancak literatür bu anlamda şizofreni hastalarının daha az ilgi gördüğünü, yapılan çalışma sayısının da sınırlı olduğunu vurgulamaktadır. Bu noktada amacı mobil uygulamaları ve şizofreni hastalarının bakımına yansımalarını incelemek olan bu derlemenin literatüre katkı sağlayacağı düşünülmektedir. Bu kapsamda derlemede literatür bilgisi doğrultusunda mobil sağlık, mobil uygulamalar ve gelişimi, mobil uygulamaların güçlü ve zayıf yönleri, seçimi, değerlendirmesi, ruh sağlığı alanında kullanımı ve şizofreni hastalarının bakımına yansımalarından bahsedilecektir.
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