(Agriculture and Forestry University, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal)
(Nepal Agricultural Research Council, Kathmandu, Nepal)
(Agriculture and Forestry University, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal)
Lal Prasad AMGAİN
(Faculty of Agriculture, Far-Western University, Tikapur, Nepal)
Yıl: 2020Cilt: 8Sayı: 3ISSN: 2148-127X / 2148-127XSayfa Aralığı: 610 - 615İngilizce

0 0
Tillage, Crop Residue and Nitrogen Management Effects on Nitrogen Uptake, Nitrogen Use Efficiency and Yield of Rice
Field experiment was conducted in three factorial strip split plot design to evaluate the effect of two establishment methods (EM) i.e. transplanted in puddled soil (Pu-TPR) and direct seeded in zero tillage (ZT-DSR), two residue levels i.e. residue kept at 3 t ha -1 (RK) and no residue (RR) with two nitrogen doses i.e. recommended dose (100 kg N ha -1 ) (RD) and farmers' dose (50 kg N ha-1 ) (FD) with six replications with individual plot size of 5.4 m × 6.3 m on rice variety Ramdhan during the year 2016. Nitrogen uptake, nitrogen use efficiencies and yield of rice were recorded. Straw nitrogen uptake was significantly higher in ZT-DSR than Pu-TPR. Similarly, grain straw and total nitrogen uptake were significantly higher in residue applied and recommended dose of nitrogen than noresidue applied and farmers-nitrogen dose treatments respectively. Nitrogen efficiency ratio and physiological efficiency index were significantly higher in Pu-TPR and no-residue applied treatments while partial factor productivity was higher in residue applied treatment. All nitrogen use efficiencies like partial factor productivity, nitrogen efficiency ratio and physiological efficiency index were significantly influenced by nitrogen dose and seen higher in recommended dose of nitrogen. Establishment methods had no significant effect on grain yield but straw yield was significantly higher in ZT-DSR but harvest index was seen higher in Pu-TPR. Grain yield and straw yield were significantly higher in residue applied treatment and recommended nitrogen but harvest index was higher in farmers-nitrogen dose.
DergiAraştırma MakalesiErişime Açık
  • Adhikari BN, Joshi BP, Shrestha J, Bhatta NR. 2018. Genetic variability, heritability, genetic advance and correlation among yield and yield components of rice (Oryza sativa L.). Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resources, 1(1): 149-160.
  • Alam MM, Ali MH, Amin AKMR, Hasanuzzaman M. 2009. Yield attributes, yield and harvest index of three irrigated rice varieties under different levels of phosphorus. Advances in biological research, 3(3-4): 132-139.
  • Arshadullah M, Ali A, Hyder SI, Khan AM. 2012. Effect of wheat residue incorporation along with nitrogen starter dose on rice yield and soil health under saline sodic soil. The Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 22(3), 753-757.
  • Devkota S, Panthi S, Shrestha J. 2019. Response of rice to different organic and inorganic nutrient sources at Parwanipur, Bara district of Nepal. Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resources, 2(1): 53-59.
  • Ehsanullah II, Ahmad ASHFAQ, Randhawa SA. 2000. Effect of direct seeding and transplanting methods on the yield and quality of fine rice Basmati-370. Indian Journal of Agronomy, 38: 547-550.
  • Fageria NK. 2014. Nitrogen management in crop production. CRC press, 24-25. FAO. 2017. World food situation. Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations.
  • Gadal N, Shrestha J, Poudel MN, Pokharel B. 2019. A review on production status and growing environments of rice in Nepal and in the world. Archives of Agriculture and Environmental Science, 4(1): 83-87.
  • Gomez KA, Gomez AA. 1984. Statistical procedures for agricultural research. John Wiley & Sons. Gurung DB, Bhandari B, Shrestha J, Tripathi MP. 2018. Productivity of maize (Zea mays L.) as affected by varieties and sowing dates. International Journal of Applied Biology, 2(2): 13-19
  • Haque ME, Bell RW, Islam, MA, Rahman MA. 2016. Minimum tillage unpuddled transplanting: An alternative crop establishment strategy for rice in conservation agriculture cropping systems. Field crops research, 185: 31-39. DOI:
  • Hobbs PR, Singh Y, Giri GS, Lauren JG, Duxbury JM. 2002. Direct seeding and reduced tillage option in the rice-wheat systems of Indo-Gangetic Plains of South Asia. In: Pandey S, Mortimer M, Wade L, Tuong TP, Lopez K, Hardy B. (Eds.), Direct seeding: research issues and opportunities. Philippines, International Rice Research Institute, 201-218.
  • Karkee SS, Sah SK, Marhatta S, Dhakal S, Kandel M, Shrestha J. 2019. Nitrogen uptake and economics of black rice (Oryza sativa L. indica) under different crop geometries and nitrogen management practices. Archives of Agriculture and Environmental Science, 4(2): 171-176.
  • Kumar V, Ladha JK. 2011. Direct Seeding of Rice: recent developments and future research needs. Advances in Agronomy, 111: 297-413.
  • Mahajan G, Timsina J. 2011. Effect of nitrogen rates and weed control methods on weeds abundance and yield of directseeded rice. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, 57(3): 239-250.
  • MoAD. 2016. Statistical information on Nepalese Agriculture 2016/17. Ministry of Agriculture and Development, Agribusiness Promotion and Statistics Division, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Oo NML, Shivay YS, Kumar D. 2007. Effect of nitrogen and sulphur fertilization on yield attributes, productivity and nutrient uptake of aromatic rice (Oryza sativa). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 77(11): 772.
  • Patrick WH, Wyatt R. 1964. Soil nitrogen loss as a result of alternate submergence and drying. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 28, 647-653.
  • Reddy KR, Patrick WH, Broadbent FE. 1984. Nitrogen transformations and loss in flooded soils and sediments. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 13(4): 273-309.
  • Sah G, Shah SC, Sah SK, Thapa RB, McDonald A, Sidhu HS, Gupta RK, Sherchan DP, Tripathi BP, Davare M, Yadav R. 2014. Tillage, crop residue, and nitrogen level effects on soil properties and crop yields under rice-wheat system in the terai region of Nepal. Global journal of biology, agriculture and health science, 3(3): 139-147.
  • Sehgal J, Abrol IP. 1994. Soil degradation in India: status and impact. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. ISBN: 8120409310 Sharma AR, Mitra BN. 1992. Integrated nitrogen management in rice (Oryza sativa)-wheat (Triticum aestivum) cropping system. Indian J. Agric. Sci, 62: 70-72.
  • Sharma AR, Ghosh A. 2000. Effect of green manuring with Sesbania aculeata and nitrogen fertilization on the performance of direct-seeded flood-prone lowland rice. Nut. Cycl. Agroecosys., 57: 141–153. /article/10.1023/A:1009863100224
  • Sharma PK, Ladhaand JK, Bhushan L. 2003. Soil physical effects of puddling in rice-wheat cropping systems. In “Improving the Productivity and Sustainability of Rice-Wheat Systems: Issues and Impacts” Ladha JK, Hill JE, Duxbury JM, Gupta RK, Buresh RJ (eds.) ASA, CSSA, SSSA, Madison, WI, ASA Special Publication 65:97–113.
  • Shrestha J. 2019. P-Value: A true test of significance in agricultural research. Retrieved from
  • Singh Y. 2003. Crop residue management in rice-wheat system. In: Addressing Resource Conservation Issues in Rice-Wheat Systems of South Asia: A Resource Book, vol. (153) 153- 156. Rice-Wheat Consortium for the Indo-Gangetic Plains RWC CIMMYT, New Delhi, India.
  • Togari Y, Okamoto Y, Kumura A. 1954. Studies on the production and behavior of carbohydrates in rice plant. 1 Proc. Crop Sci. Soc. Japan, 22: 95- 97.
  • Zia MS, Mahmood IA, Aslam M, Yasin M, Khan MA. 2001. Nitrogen Dynamics under Aerobic and Anaerobic Soil Conditions. International journal of agriculture & biology, 3(4), 458-460.

TÜBİTAK ULAKBİM Ulusal Akademik Ağ ve Bilgi Merkezi Cahit Arf Bilgi Merkezi © 2019 Tüm Hakları Saklıdır.