Gülhan KOCAMAN
(Karabük Üniversitesi, Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi, Periodontoloji Anabilim Dalı, Karabük, Türkiye)
Şehnaz CEYLAN
(Karabük Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Çocuk Gelişimi Bölümü, Karabük, Türkiye)
Fatma Betül KURNAZ
(Karabük Üniversitesi, Edebiyat Fakültesi, Eğitim Bilimleri Bölümü, Karabük, Türkiye)
Yıl: 2020Cilt: 27Sayı: 1ISSN: 2636-7688 / 2636-7688Sayfa Aralığı: 188 - 193İngilizce

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Determining effectiveness of a multi-component oral health education program model for preschool children
Aim: To develop a valid measurement tool that can evaluate oral and dental health knowledge and to create a program model of oral and dental health education by using different training methods that reinforce each other. Material and Methods: The developed scale for validity and reliability study was applied to 163 kindergarten, first-grade, and secondgrade students. The Scale Oral Health Knowledge for 5-8 Age Children was used in the evaluation of education. In the four-week training program, pre-test with scale, oral and dental health visual training presentations, parent education, healthy food package distribution, creative drama training, toothbrush and paste dissipation and post-test with scale were applied. Results: The scale developed consisted of 10 items and the KR-20 reliability was calculated as 0.71 and the internal consistency coefficient was calculated as 0.70. In the results of the study, there was a significant difference in favor of the last test in the experimental group (z = 4.46, p <05). Conclusion: The Scale Oral Health Knowledge for 5-8 Age Children is a valid and reliable scale. The “Multi-Component Oral Health Education Programme” is an evaluable, necessary and effective program. In order to provide a permanent oral hygiene education, it is important to use training program preparation by a multidisciplinary team different training methods and materials that reinforce each other over a long period of time and to evaluate the adequacy of education.
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