İsa DEMİRKOL
(Bursa Teknik Üniversitesi, Beşeri ve Sosyal Bilimler Fakültesi, Bursa, Türkiye)
Abdulmalek A. AL-FUTAIH
(Bursa Teknik Üniversitesi, Beşeri ve Sosyal Bilimler Fakültesi, Bursa, Türkiye)
Yıl: 2020Cilt: 12Sayı: 2ISSN: 1309-0712Sayfa Aralığı: 1083 - 1097İngilizce

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The Relationship Between Industry 4.0 and Lean Production: An Empirical Study on Bursa Manufacturing Industry
Purpose – This study intends to empirically determine the effect of Industry 4.0 (digital technology) onthe companies adopted lean manufacturing in their production system. This study also gave importanceto the factors that were not discussed in previous studies, such as Cause of Problems and EquipmentMaintenance.Design/methodology/approach – The universe of this study was the businesses adopting leanmanufacturing system in Turkish city of Bursa. In order to achieve this goal, a survey was used as a datacollection method. In this context, 250 questionnaires were sent to the related companies by SimpleRandom Sampling Method and received 169 usable responses. Then, frequency, reliability, correlation,and factor (ANOVA) analyses have been used to analyze the data obtained.Findings – According to the research results, there are 7 dimensions of the lean production system. Thesedimensions are called Pull System, Production Equipment, Statistical Methods, Equipment Maintenance,Product Similarities, Communication with Suppliers and Cause of Problems. Also, there have beendifferences between industry 4.0 (digital technology) usage and lean manufacturing systems. In addition,the authors found that there are significant and positive relationship between factors; Pull System,Production Equipment, Statistical Methods, Equipment Maintenance, Product Similarities,Communication with Suppliers. However, there was no significant relationship between the problemscauses factor and Industry 4.0 (digital technology).Discussion – Considering the results obtained, the authors suggest that companies that use leanmanufacturing systems should adapt to changing technology early by integrating with Industry 4.0 andmeeting customers' changing requirements. In addition, a quantitative approach will be presented infuture studies, where it is believed that companies using Industry 4.0 will make an additional contributionto the literature by identifying the competencies and departments changed.
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