Ammal ABUKARİ
(University for Development Studies, Department of Forestry and Forest Resource Management, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environment, Nyankpala Campus, Ghana)
Nasare Iddrisu NASARE
(University for Development Studies, Department of Forestry and Forest Resource Management, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environment, Nyankpala Campus, Ghana)
Yıl: 2020Cilt: 8Sayı: 1ISSN: 2148-127X / 2148-127XSayfa Aralığı: 13 - 17İngilizce

7 0
Effect of Different Rates of Rice Husk Biochar on the Initial Growth of Moringa oleifera under Greenhouse Conditions in the Savannah Ecological Zone of Ghana
This investigation was conducted to evaluate the outcome of rice husk biochar on growth performance of moringa. The study was carried-out in a greenhouse for 52 days. Different rates of rice husk biochar (150 to 350 g) was mixed with 500 g of soil. A Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with 3 treatments (each of which was replicated 3 times) was used, giving a total of 12 experimental units. Plant height, stem diameter and number of leaves were assessed for each treatment. Results indicate that rice husk biochar (150 g, 250 g and 350 g) significantly increased the stem diameter of moringa as compared to that of the control 52 days after in the greenhouse. An increase in the number of leaves were observed at 150 g rice husk biochar after 40 days compared to the control. There were significant differences between treatments effects on all the parameters. Different rates of biochar certainly could constitute vital use of fertilizer to improve growth moringa in the nursery.
DergiAraştırma MakalesiErişime Açık
  • Abukari A. 2014. Effect of rice husk biochar on maize productivity in the guinea savannah zone of Ghana, Masters Dissertation. Department of Agroforestry, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology.
  • Adebayo AG, Akintoye HA, Olufolaji AO, Aina O, Olatunji MT, Shokalu AO. 2011. Assessment of organic amendments on vegetative development and nutrient uptake of Moringa oleifera Lam in the nursery. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, 10(1): 74.
  • Agegnehu G, Bass AM, Nelson PN, Bird MI. 2016. Benefits of biochar, compost and biochar–compost for soil quality, maize yield and greenhouse gas emissions in a tropical agricultural soil. Science of the Total Environment. 543: 295-306.
  • Amaglo NK, Bennett RN, Curto RBL, Rosa EA, Turco VL, Giuffrida A, Timpo GM. 2010. Profiling selected phytochemicals and nutrients in different tissues of the multipurpose tree Moringa oleifera L., grown in Ghana. Food Chemistry, 122(4): 1047-1054.
  • Azeez AA, Rhee KY, Park SJ, Hui D. 2013. Epoxy clay nanocomposites–processing, properties and applications: A review. Composites Part B: Engineering, 45(1): 308-320.
  • Celik I, Gunal H, Budak M, Akpinar C. 2010. Effects of long-term organic and mineral fertilizers on bulk density and penetration resistance in semi-arid Mediterranean soil conditions. Geoderma, 160(2): 236-243
  • Dania SO, Akpansubi P, Eghagara OO. 2014. Comparative effects of different fertilizer sources on the growth and nutrient content of Moringa (Moringa oleifera) seedling in a greenhouse trial. Advances in Agriculture.
  • Fagbenro JA, Oshunsanya SO, Oyeleye BA. 2015. Effects of gliricidia biochar and inorganic fertilizer on moringa plant grown in an oxisol. Comm Soil Sci Plant Anal. 46(5): 619-626.
  • Fahey JW. 2005. Moringa oleifera: a review of the medical evidence for its nutritional, therapeutic, and prophylactic properties. Part 1. Trees for life Journal, 1(5): 1-15.
  • Franzluebbers AJ. 2002. Water infiltration and soil structure related to organic matter and its stratification with depth. Soil and Tillage Research, 66(2), 197-205.
  • Haouvang LC, Albert N, Martin Y, Mbaiguinam M. 2017. Growth response of Moringa oleifera Lam. as affected by various amounts of compost under greenhouse conditions. Annals of Agricultural Sciences, 62(2): 221-226.
  • Husson O. 2013. Redox potential (Eh) and pH as drivers of soil/plant/microorganism systems: a transdisciplinary overview pointing to integrative opportunities for agronomy. Plant and Soil, 362(1-2): 389-417.
  • Imran S, Arif M, Khan A, Khan MA, Shah W, Latif A. 2015. Effect of nitrogen levels and plant population on yield and yield components of maize. Advances in Crop Science and Technology, 1-7.
  • Jemal A, Siegel R, Ward E, Murray T, Xu J, Smigal C, Thun MJ. 2006. Cancer statistics, 2006. CA: a cancer journal for clinicians, 56(2): 106-130.
  • Liu X, Zhang A, Ji C, Joseph S, Bian R, Li L, Paz-Ferreiro J. 2013. Biochar’s effect on crop productivity and the dependence on experimental conditions—a meta-analysis of literature data. Plant and soil, 373(1-2): 583-594.
  • McLean EO. 1982. Soil pH and lime requirement. In page, A.L, et al., (ed). Methods of soil analysis. Part 2. 2nd edn. Agron Monogr.9. ASA and SSSA, Madison, WL. Pp 119-224
  • Mohammadi K, Heidari G, Khalesro S, Sohrabi Y. 2011. Soil management, microorganisms and organic matter interactions: A review. African Journal of Biotechnology, 10(86): 19840-19849.
  • Oyedeji S, Animasaun DA, Bello AA, Agboola OO. 2014. Effect of NPK and poultry manure on growth, yield, and proximate composition of three amaranths. Journal of Botany, 2014.
  • Randriamboavonjy JI, Loirand G, Vaillant N, Lauzier B, Derbré S, Michalet S, Tesse A. 2016. Cardiac protective effects of Moringa oleifera seeds in spontaneous hypertensive rats. American journal of hypertension, 29(7): 873-881.
  • Ridine W, Ngakou A, Mbaiguinam, MO, Namba F, Anna P. 2014. Changes in growth and yield attributes of two selected maize varieties as influenced by application of chemical (NPK) and organic (bat’s manure) fertilizers in Pala (Chad) grown field. Pak. J. Bot, 46(5): 1763-1770.
  • Shaon MD, Jahidul I, Mannan MA, Khaliq QA, Rahman MM. 2018. Growth and yield response of maize to rice husk biochar. Australian Journal of Crop Science 12(12): 1813-1819. p 994
  • Van Noordwijk M, Lawson G, Hairiah K, Wilson J. 2015. Root distribution of trees and crops: competition and/or complementarity. Tree–Crop Interactions: Agroforestry in a Changing Climate. CABI, Wallingford, UK, 221-257.
  • Varela MO, Rivera EB, Huang WJ, Chien C, Wang YM. 2013. Agronomic properties and characterization of rice husk and wood biochars and their effect on the growth of water spinach in a field test. Journal of soil science and plant nutrition, 13(2): 251-266.
  • Walkey A, Black A. 1934. An experiment of the Degtjareff methods for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the chronic and acid titration method. Soil Sci. 37: 29-38.
  • Zheng R, Chen Z, Cai C, Wang X, Huang Y, Xiao B, Sun G. 2013. Effect of biochars from rice husk, bran, and straw on heavy metal uptake by pot-grown wheat seedling in a historically contaminated soil. Bio Resources. 8(4): 5965-5982.

TÜBİTAK ULAKBİM Ulusal Akademik Ağ ve Bilgi Merkezi Cahit Arf Bilgi Merkezi © 2019 Tüm Hakları Saklıdır.