Elif OKUT AYSİN
(-)
Gül KIZILTAN
(Başkent Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Beslenme ve Diyetetik Bölümü, Ankara, Türkiye)
Yıl: 2020Cilt: 30Sayı: 2ISSN: 1301-1421 / 1301-1421Sayfa Aralığı: 3 - 10Türkçe

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Beslenme ve Diyet Alışkanlıklarının Kültürel Değişimi
Kültürel uyum tüm göçmenler arasında sağlık davranışlarını etkileyen kompleks bir süreçtir. İnsanlar bir bölgeden başka bir bölgeye göç ettikleri zaman belirli derecede kültürel değişime uğrarlar. Kültürleşme, başka kültürden insan ve grupların, farklı bir kültür ile karşılaşmasıyla başlayan ve karşılıklı etkileşim sonucu uyum ile sonuçlanan kültürel ve psikolojik değişim sürecidir. Bu kültürel değişim, bireylerin başka bir kültürün tutum, değer, gelenek, inanç ve davranışlarını benimseme süreçlerini ifade eder. Kültürel uyum göç sürecinin normal bir parçası olmasına rağmen, göçmenlerin sağlığı üzerinde olumlu ve olumsuz etkilere sahip olabilir. Kültürel değişim sürecinin önemli bir yönü, ev sahibi ülkenin beslenme tutum ve davranışlarına uyumdur, bu sürece Diyetin Kültürel Değişimi (Dietary Acculturation) denir. Göç eden grup üyeleri göç ettikleri yeni bölgenin yeme düzeni/yemek seçimlerini tercih ettiklerinde Diyetin Kültürel Değişimi başlar. Göç edilen bölgeye ait beslenme alışkanlıklarının kazanılması sağlığı olumsuz etkiliyor ise, gerekli önlemlerin alınması, göçmenlerin bu konuda bilinçlendirilmesi, eğitilmesi hedeflenmelidir.
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