MEHMET AKYOL
(Gümüşhane Üniversitesi, Gümüşhane, Türkiye)
Selim DEMEZ
(Hakkari Üniversitesi, Hakkari, Türkiye)
Yıl: 2020Cilt: 15Sayı: 57ISSN: 1305-970XSayfa Aralığı: 56 - 62Türkçe

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İnovasyonun Yüksek Teknoloji Ürün İhracati Üzerindeki Etkisi: Yeni Endüstrileşen Ülkeler İçin Panel Veri Analizi
Yeni ürün ve üretim yöntemleri geliştirmek olarak tanımlanan inovasyon ile ülkeler yapısal değişim gerçekleştirmekte ve kalkınma hamlelerinihızlandırmaktadır. İnovatif faaliyetler sonucunda elde edilen yeni ürün ve üretim yöntemleri genellikle yüksek teknoloji barındırmaktadır. Yüksekteknoloji ürünler ise dış pazarlarda ülkelere rekabet gücü elde etme avantajı sağlamaktadır. Yüksek teknoloji ürün ihracatı yapan ülkeler ise dövizgeliri sağlayarak ekonomik refah düzeylerini arttırmakta, neticede büyüme ve kalkınma hız kazanmaktadır. Bunun neticesinde inovasyon, özellikleekonomik durgunluk ve daralma dönemlerinde iş dünyasına ve hükümetlere çıkış kapısı olma görevi üstlenmektedir. Bu çalışmada inovasyonun yüksekteknoloji ürün ihracatı üzerindeki etkisi yeni endüstrileşen ülkeler grubu özelinde analiz edilmiştir. 1996-2015 yılları arası dönemi kapsayan ve sözkonusu gruba dahil 8 ülkeyi içine alan çalışma sonucunda inovasyon faaliyetlerinin yüksek teknoloji ürün ihracatı üzerinde olumlu bir etki oluşturduğugözlemlenmiştir.
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