Elifcan CESUR
(Kırklareli Üniversitesi, Kırklareli , Türkiye)
(Kırklareli Üniversitesi, Kırklareli , Türkiye)
Yıl: 2020Cilt: 11Sayı: 39ISSN: 2146-1961Sayfa Aralığı: 136 - 165İngilizce

73 0
Problem solving is one of the important skills, which enables individuals to adapt to life and is associated with skills like theory of mind, empathy and self-regulation, in their life. Problem solving is an improvable skill and should be supported as from early childhood years. The purpose of this study is to determine how children generate solutions to problems and how they feel in such cases. As long as children are good problem solvers, they will find effective solutions to all kinds of problems. In the study, the qualitative model and the case design were used. The data of study were obtained from the children attending a kindergarten in the city center of Kırklareli in the school year of 2016-2017. Eleven children who were selected on a volunteer basis were included in the study where content analysis was carried out. Among the children who participated in the study, six were girls and five were boys. During the application, a puppet and five problem statuses were used. The data collected as a result of one-to-one applications with the children were examined with content analysis method. As a result of the study, it was observed that the children were able to generate effective solutions including the use of empathy and self-regulation skills to the problem statuses; however, they had difficulty in naming their emotions in relation to problem statuses. The results of the study suggest that primarily parents and educators should emphasize emotions more and encourage children to think about their emotions. Additionally, qualitative studies with larger sample groups concerning theory of mind, problem solving, empathy and self-regulation skills can help to understand the development process of these skills better.
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