Selvinaz Gülçin BOZKURT
(Fenerbahçe Üniversitesi, Mühendislik ve Mimarlık Fakültesi, İç Mimarlık ve Çevre Tasarımı Bölümü, İstanbul, Türkiye)
ÜNAL AKKEMİK
(İstanbul Üniversitesi-Cerrahpaşa, Orman Fakültesi, Orman Botanik Bölümü, İstanbul, Türkiye)
NESİBE KÖSE
(İstanbul Üniversitesi-Cerrahpaşa, Orman Fakültesi, Orman Botanik Bölümü, İstanbul, Türkiye)
Yıl: 2020Cilt: 70Sayı: 1ISSN: 2602-4039Sayfa Aralığı: 8 - 18İngilizce

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Determining the effect of urbanization on the vegetation of Gürün district (Sivas) based on biotope mapping and vegetation analysis
Urbanization is one of the strongest negative effects on vegetational change within and around a city. In this study, it is aimed to determine the flora and vegetational changes within and around the city based on the identification and mapping of the biotopes which show differences in terms of ecologic factors met in Gurun district center and its vicinity and which are suitable for Corine biotope classification. First, 13 main biotope types are classified. In the biotopes, total 666 plant taxa were identified, 84 of which were endemic. Vegetation of the biotopes was determined, and then similarity levels of main biotopes are calculated according to the similarity coefficient method of Sorensen. Accordingly, while the similar areas are health facilities and agricultural areas the most different ones are parks and sports areas and drainage areas. The results emphasize the similarity levels of vegetation in biotopes and the negative effect of human intervention in the study area. As a result, with its rich natural structure, vegetation covers and endemism rate, the district of Gurun has significant natural biotopes and it is suggested that biotope classification should be considered in determining vegetation change and urban planning.
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