Sabahat Çiğdem BAĞCI
(Sabancı Üniversitesi, Sanat ve Sosyal Bilimler Fakültesi, İstanbul, Türkiye)
Esra CANPOLAT
(Işık Üniversitesi, İstanbul, Türkiye)
Yıl: 2019Cilt: 7Sayı: 15ISSN: 2147-6489 / 2147-6489Sayfa Aralığı: 149 - 169Türkçe

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Suriyeli Sığınmacılarda Türklerle Temas ve Psikolojik İyi Oluş İlişkisinde Aracı Değişkenler
Son yıllarda Türkiye’de ve dünyada artan göç sayısı ile birlikte, farklı gruplar arasındaki ilişkileri düzenlemek ve uyum sürecinde çeşitli zorluklar yaşayan göçmen, sığınmacı ve mülteci grupların psikolojik iyi oluşlarını arttırabilmek adına gruplararası temasın etki mekanizmasının anlaşılması bir gereklilik haline gelmiştir. Bu araştırmanın amacı, Suriyeli sığınmacıların Türklerle temasının psikolojik iyi oluşlarıyla ilişkisinde gruplararası kaygı, içgrupla özdeşleşme ve toplumsal kabullenilmenin aracı rolünü incelemektir. Toplamda 163 Suriyeli katılımcı (88 kadın, 75 erkek) gruplararası temas, gruplararası kaygı, çoklu-grup kimlikle özdeşleşme, toplumsal kabullenilme ve psikolojik büyüme ölçeklerini cevaplandırmıştır. Araştırmanın sonucunda, olumlu temasın gruplararası kaygı ile olumsuz, içgrup kimlikle özdeşleşme ve toplumsal kabullenme ile olumlu yönde ilişkili olduğuna dair bulgular elde edilmiştir. Aynı zamanda, gruplararası kaygı, kimlikle özdeşleşme ve toplumsal kabullenilme psikolojik iyi oluşu anlamlı şekilde yordamaktadır. Gruplararası temas ve psikolojik iyi oluş arasındaki ilişkinin doğrudan anlamlı olmadığı; ancak bu ilişkinin üç aracı değişken aracılığıyla dolaylı olarak anlamlı olduğu bulunmuştur. Bulgular Suriyeli sığınmacıların Türklerle olumlu temasının psikolojik iyi oluşlarına olumlu katkısının altını çizmektedir.
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