Zehra BİLGEN SUSANLI
(Işık Üniversitesi, İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi, İktisat Bölümü, İstanbul, Türkiye)
Yıl: 2020Cilt: 11Sayı: 1ISSN: 2619-9491 / 2619-9491Sayfa Aralığı: 95 - 106Türkçe

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Türkiye’de Beceri Açığı: Firma Verisi Analizi
Beceri açığı (skill shortage) terimi işgücü piyasasında becerili işgücüne ihtiyacın, mevcut işgücü arzından ne kadar fazla olduğunu gösterir. Bu çalışma Dünya Bankası tarafından derlenen Enterprise Surveys anketleri 2008 ve 2013 verilerinden faydalanarak beceri açığının Türkiye’deki firmalar arasındaki yaygınlığını ve beceri açığı olasılığının belirleyicilerini incelemeyi amaçlamaktadır. Firma düzeyinde beceri açığı, anketlere katılan firmaların yetersiz eğitimli işgücünün firma faaliyetlerine engel teşkil edip etmediği sorusuna verdikleri cevap ile ölçülmüştür. Probit modeli tahmin sonuçlarına göre firma büyüklüğü ve kayıt dışı rakiplerin faaliyetleri ile beceri açığı olasılığı arasında pozitif ve istatistiki olarak anlamlı bir ilişki vardır. Beceri açığının belirleyicileri 2008 ve 2013 yılları arasında değişkenlik göstermiştir.
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