Mustafa GERÇEKER
(Selçuk Üniversitesi, İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi, İktisat Bölümü)
İBRAHİM ÖZMEN
(Selçuk Üniversitesi, Akşehir İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi, Maliye Bölümü)
Mehmet MUCUK
(Selçuk Üniversitesi, İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi, İktisat Bölümü)
Yıl: 2019Cilt: 41Sayı: 2ISSN: 2149-1844 / 2587-2672Sayfa Aralığı: 413 - 431Türkçe

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AR-GE HARCAMALARI VE İŞSİZLİK ARASINDAKİ NEDENSELLİĞİN AMPİRİK ANALİZİ: G7 ÜLKELERİ ÖRNEĞİ
Ar-Ge faaliyetleri sonucu gerçekleştirilen teknolojik ilerlemeler hem çıktı miktarı hem de işsizlik oranları üzerinde önemli etkiler meydana getirmektedir. Ancak Ar-Ge alanındaki çalışmaların işsizlik üzerindeki etkileri konusunda farklı yaklaşımlar bulunmaktadır. Bu yaklaşımlardan ilki; süreç inovasyonunun teknolojik işsizliği beraberinde getireceğini ileri sürerken; diğer yaklaşım ise ürün inovasyonu ile birlikte işsizliğin azalacağını kabul etmektedir. Bu çalışmada Ar-Ge harcamaları ile işsizlik arasındaki nedensel bağıntının G7 ülkeleri için 1990-2016 dönemine ait yıllık verilerden hareketle Kónya (2006) panel bootstrap Granger nedensellik testi kullanılarak analiz edilmesi amaçlanmaktadır. Nedensellik testi sonuçları; Almanya, Fransa, İtalya ve Japonya’da Ar-Ge harcamaları ile işsizlik arasında karşılıklı bir ilişki bulunduğunu göstermiştir. Diğer taraftan Kanada’da ve ABD’de ise Ar-Ge harcamaları ile işsizlik arasında tek yönlü bir bağıntı bulunmaktadır.
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