Ahmed Tamer SAIF
(Fayoum University, Ophthalmology, Fayoum, Egpy)
Passant SAIF
(Misr University for Science and Technology, Ophthalmology, Giza, Egpy)
Yıl: 2020Cilt: 29Sayı: 4ISSN: 1300-1256 / 2717-7149Sayfa Aralığı: 306 - 312İngilizce

66 0
Sociodemographic Factors and Knowledge About Diabetic Complications in Visually Impaired Egyptian Diabetic Patients
Purpose: To study the Sociodemographic factors leading to blindness or visual impairment in diabetic patients living in Upper Egypt. Setting: The study included 200 patients recruited from screening campaigns in the Fayoum and Beni Suef governorates in Egypt. Methods: Patients included in the study were legally blind diabetics (visual acuity ≤ 6/60), and patients answered a specially designed questionnaire when recruited in the study.Results: Patients’ knowledge of the ophthalmic effects and complications was as low as 31%. Laser treatment patients were more aware ofdiabetic consequences (p≤0.02). However, with the increase in education level, a noticeable increase in patient knowledge regarding diabetic ocular complications also occurred. (p≤0.001), patients obtained their knowledge about diabetic complications from their ophthalmologists (p≤0.02), rather than from the media or the Internet Conclusions: The media and internets should have a greater role in informing diabetics regarding the importance of controlling blood glucose levels and regular follow-ups in reducing ocular diabetic complications. This can be achieved by increasing the patients’ level of knowledge. Keywords: Vision impairment, Sociodemographic factors, Blindness; diabetes mellitus, Diabetic retinopathy.
DergiAraştırma MakalesiErişime Kapalı
  • 1. Shaw J, Sicree R, Zimmet P. (2010). Global estimates of the prevalence of diabetes for 2010 and 2030. Diabetes Research And Clinical Practice, 87, 4-14. doi: 10.1016/j. diabres.2009.10.007
  • 2. Ciulla T, Amador A, Zinman B. (2003). Diabetic Retinopathy and Diabetic Macular Edema: Pathophysiology, screening, and novel therapies. Diabetes Care, 26, 2653-64. doi: 10.2337/diacare.26.9.2653
  • 3. Nassar MK, Saif MY, Saif AT, et al. (2016) Sensitivity and specifi city of Nassar color test in early detection of diabetic macular edema. Retina-Vitreus 24:109-13
  • 4. Klein R. (1995) Hyperglycemia and microvascular and macrovascular disease in diabetes. Diabetes care, 18, 258-68.
  • 5. Abueleinen KGI, El-Mekawey H, Saif YS, et al. (2011) Sociodemographic factors responsible for blindness in diabetic Egyptian patients. Clinical Ophthalmology (Auckland, NZ).;5:1593-8. doi:10.2147/OPTH.S21765.
  • 6. Mellitus P, Poretsky L. (2020). Principles of Diabetes Mellitus | Leonid Poretsky | Springer. Retrieved 11 June 2020, from https://www.springer.com/gp/book/9780387098418 347-51.
  • 7. Diabetes. (2020). Retrieved 11 June 2020, from https://www. who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/diabetes
  • 8. O’Gara P, Kushner F, Ascheim D, et al. (2013). 2013 ACCF/ AHA Guideline for the Management of ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction. Circulation, 127. doi: 10.1161/ cir.0b013e3182742cf6
  • 9. Ahmed M, Ali M, El-Mofty H. (2015). Awareness of Diabetic Retinopathy in Egyptian Diabetic Patients Attending Kasr Al-Ainy Outpatient Clinic: A Cross-Sectional Study. World Family Medicine Journal/Middle East Journal Of Family Medicine, 13, 29-39. https://doi.org/10.5742/ mewfm.2015.92688
  • 10. Saif M, Saif A, Saif P, et al. (2015) Evaluation of large cupping in children with anemia. J Egypt Ophthalmol Soc;108:167-72
  • 11. Saif A, Saif P, Dabous O. (2017). Fundus changes in thalassemia in Egyptian patients. Delta Journal Of Ophthalmology, 18, 20. doi: 10.4103/1110-9173.201618
  • 12. Saif M, Saif A, Amer S, et al. (2012) Prevalence of Ophthalmic Disease in the Egyptian Oasis. Tanta Medical Sciences Journal 7, 21-8
  • 13. Liu Z, Fu C, Wang W, et al. (2010) Research Prevalence of chronic complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus in outpatients-a cross-sectional hospital based survey in urban China. Health Qual Life Outcomes, 8, 62.
  • 14. Ellis M, Lent-Schochet D, Lo T, et al. (2019). Emerging Concepts in the Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy. Current Diabetes Reports, 19(11). doi: 10.1007/s11892-019-1276-5
  • 15. Tajunisah I, Wong P, Tan L, et al. (2011). Awareness of eye complications and prevalence of retinopathy in the fi rst visit to eye clinic among type 2 diabetic patients. International journal of ophthalmology, 4, 519-24. https:// doi.org/10.3980/j.issn.2222-3959.2011.05.12
  • 16. Ramke J, Maher L, Lee L, et al. (2012) Diabetes and its ocular complications: awareness among adults aged 40 years and older in Timor-Leste. Clin Exp Optom.;95:377-81. doi:10.1111/j.1444-0938.2011.00681.x
  • 17. Mohan D, Raj D, Shanthirani C. (2005) Awareness and Knowledge of diabetes in Chennai-The Chennai urban rural epidemiology study [CURES-9]. Journal of the Association of Physicians of India, 53, 283-7.
  • 18. Ovenseri-Ogbomo G, Abokyi S, Koffuor G, et al. (2013) Knowledge of diabetes and its associated ocular manifestations by diabetic patients: A study at Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, Ghana. Nigerian medical journal: journal of the Nigeria Medical Association, 54, 217.
  • 19. Chen C, Shah C. (2011) Review of therapeutic advances in diabetic retinopathy. Therapeutic advances in endocrinology and metabolism; 2, 39-53.
  • 20. Olsson L, Ahlbom A, Grill V, et al. (2011) High Levels of Education Are Associated With an Increased Risk of Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults Results from the Nord- Trøndelag Health Study. Diabetes care, 34, 102-7.
  • 21. Alsous M, Abdel Jalil M, Odeh M, et al. (2019) Public knowledge, attitudes and practices toward diabetes mellitus: A cross-sectional study from Jordan. Plos one.;14:e0214479. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0214479.

TÜBİTAK ULAKBİM Ulusal Akademik Ağ ve Bilgi Merkezi Cahit Arf Bilgi Merkezi © 2019 Tüm Hakları Saklıdır.