Güney AKINOĞLU
(Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi, Ziraat Fakültesi, Toprak Bilimi ve Bitki Besleme Bölümü, Samsun, Türkiye)
Ahmet KORKMAZ
(Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi, Ziraat Fakültesi, Toprak Bilimi ve Bitki Besleme Bölümü, Samsun, Türkiye)
Yıl: 2021Cilt: 5Sayı: 1ISSN: 2602-4772Sayfa Aralığı: 91 - 102İngilizce

39 0
Grouping Some Paddy Cultivars in Terms of Zinc Nutrition Capabilities and Identification of the Best Zinc Nutrition Traits of These Cultivars
The present study was conducted to group some paddy cultivars in terms of their zinc nutritional capabilities and to identify the best zinc nutrition traits of these cultivars. Present experiments were conducted with 5 different paddy cultivars (Oryza sativa L. cv Biga İncisi, Osmancık 97, Hamzadere, Ronaldo, Edirne). In the experiment, a complete nutrient solution containing 0 and 2.0 µM Zn in the form of zinc sulphate heptahydrate was applied to lime-free (0 % CaCO3) and lime-added (4 % CaCO3) quartz sand media. Experiments were conducted in 5×2×2 factorial design with 3 replications. At the end of the experiments, zinc nutrition traits of paddy cultivars were determined. Both in lime-free and lime-added sand media, Biga İncisi paddy cultivar was identified as tolerant to zinc deficiency. Ronaldo paddy cultivar was identified as the most sensitive cultivar to zinc deficiency. It was observed that in terms of investigated 15 zinc nutrition traits, 5 different paddy cultivars grown under zinc deficiency (Zn0) conditions were gathered under 2 main groups. Biga İncisi and Edirne cultivars constituted the first group; Osmancık-97 and Hamzadere cultivars constituted the second group. On the other hand, Ronaldo cultivar was found to be closer to the second group including Osmancık 97 and Hamzadere cultivars. The closest paddy cultivars grown under zinc deficiency conditions in terms of investigated traits were identified as Biga İncisi and Edirne cultivars; on the other hand, the furthest cultivars were identified as Biga İncisi and Osmancık-97 cultivars. For Osmancık-97 and Biga İncisi paddy cultivars, SPAD readings in lime-added sand media were identified as the best zinc nutrition traits. For Edirne cultivar, zinc ratio transported to shoot and shoot relative dry matter content in lime added media were identified as the best zinc nutrition traits. For Hamzadere cultivar, relative chlorophyll content in lime-free media was identified as the best zinc nutrition.
DergiAraştırma MakalesiErişime Açık
  • Alloway, B.J. (2004). Zinc in soils and crop nutrition. International Zinc Association, 130, Brussels.
  • Arnon, D. (1949). Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplasts. Plant Physiol, 24, 1-12.
  • Bowen, J.E. (1986). Kinetics of zinc uptake by two rice cultivars. Plant and Soil, 94, 99-107.
  • Broadley, M., White, P., Hammond, J., Zelko, I. & Lux, A. (2007). Zinc in plants. New Phytologist, 173, 677-702.
  • Brohi, A.R., Aydeniz, A., Karaman, M.R. & Erşahin, S. (1994). Bitki Besleme. Gaziosmanpaşa Üniversitesi. Ziraat Fakültesi Yayın No:4, 105-106, Tokat.
  • Çakmak, I. (2000). Possible roles of zinc in protecting plant cells from damage by reactive oxygen species. New Phytologist, 146, 185-205.
  • Clemens, S. (2006). Evolution and function of phytochelatin synthases. Journal of Plant Physiology, 163, 319-332.
  • Gao, X., Zou, C. & Van der Zee, S. (2005). Tolerance to zinc deficiency in rice correlates with zinc uptake and translocation. Plant and Soil, 278(1), 253-261.
  • Humaria, T., Samreen, M., Javid, M., Amin, H.U., Shah, S., Ullah, S. & Alam, S. (2015). Effect of Zinc on Physico-chemical Parameters of Hydroponically grown Rice Varieties. Middle East Journal of Agriculture Research, 4(3), 395-403.
  • IRRI. (2002). Standard evaluation system for rice (SES). International Rice Research Institute, Los Baños, the Philippines.
  • Jakobson, B.S., Fong, F. & Eath, R.L. (1975). Carbonic anhydrase of spinach. Studies on its location, inhibition and physiological function. Plant Physiology, 55, 468-474.
  • Kacar, B. & İnal, A. (2008). Bitki Analizleri. Nobel Yayın Dağıtım, Ankara, Türkiye.
  • Marschner, H. (1995). Function of mineral nutrients: Micronutrients, Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants, 313-324, Academic Press, London,
  • Oserkowsky, J. (1933). Quantitative relation between chlorophyll land iron in green and chlorotic pear leaves. Plant Physiology. 8, 449-468.
  • Phuke, R.M., Anuradha, K., Radhika, K., Jabeen, F., Anuradha, G., Ramesh, T., Hariprasanna K, Mehtre S.P., Shivaji, Desphpande S.P., Anil G., Das, R.R., Rathore, A., Hash, T., Reddy, B.V.S., Kumar, A.A. (2017). Genetic variability, genotype×environment interaction, correlation, and GGE biplot analysis for grain iron and zinc concentration and other agronomic traits in RIL population of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench). Frontiers in Plant Science, 8, 712.
  • Ponnamperuma, F.N. (1972). The chemistry of submerged soils. Advances in Agronomy, 24, 29-96.
  • Price, H.A. (1962). RNA-synthesis zinc deficiency and the kinetics of growth. Plant Physiology, 37. XXI.
  • Witham, F.H., Blaydes, D.F. & Devlin, R.M. (1971). Experiments in plant physiology. Van Nostrend Reinhold Company, New York, USA.
  • Yoshida, S. & Tanaka, A. (1969). Zinc deficiency of the rice plant in calcareous soils. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 15, 75-80.
  • Yoshida, S., Ahn, J.S. & Forno, D.A. (1973). Occurence, diagnosis, and correction of zinc deficiency of lowland rice. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition. 19(2), 83-93.
  • Zhang, X., Zhang, F. & Mao, D. (1998). Effect of Fe plaque outside roots on nutrient uptake by rice (Oryza sativa L.): zinc uptake. Plant and Soil, 202, 33-39.

TÜBİTAK ULAKBİM Ulusal Akademik Ağ ve Bilgi Merkezi Cahit Arf Bilgi Merkezi © 2019 Tüm Hakları Saklıdır.