Meryem AYDEMİR ATASEVER
(Atatürk Üniversitesi, Veteriner Fakültesi, Gıda Hijyeni ve Teknolojisi Anabilim Dalı, TR-25070, Erzurum, TÜRKİYE)
Hayrunni̇sa ÖZLÜ
(Atatürk Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Beslenme ve Diyetetik Bölümü, TR-25070, Erzurum, TÜRKİYE)
Fatih Ramazan İSTANBULLUGİL
(Kyrgyz-Turkish Manas University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Food Hygiene and Technology, KG-720038,Bishkek, KYRGYZ REPUBLIC)
Mustafa ATASEVER
(Atatürk Üniversitesi, Veteriner Fakültesi, Gıda Hijyeni ve Teknolojisi Anabilim Dalı, TR-25070, Erzurum, TÜRKİYE)
Yıl: 2021Cilt: 27Sayı: 1ISSN: 1300-6045 / 1309-2251Sayfa Aralığı: 37 - 42İngilizce

71 0
Determination of AFM1 Levels of Mare’s Milk and Koumiss Produced in the Highlands of the Kyrgyz Republic
Mare’s milk and koumiss are two very important basic foodstuff s in central Asia.This study aimed to research the AFM1 contamination in mare’s milk and koumiss samples collected from local producers in the highlands in Naryn, Issyk-Kul, Bishkek and Talas regions of Kyrgyz Republic. For this purpose, 75 raw mare’s milk and 75 koumiss samples collected in May, June and July 2017 were analyzed using the ELISA method. AFM1 was detected in 13.3% of the 75 raw mare’s milk samples with levels ranging between 6.48 and 25.45 ng/L. Approximately 53.3% of the koumiss samples were found to contain AFM1, with levels ranging between 5.93 and 18.77 ng/L. None of the AFM1 levels in the tested samples exceeded above the 50 ng/L maximum limit set by the European Union for milk and the 500 ng/kg limit set by Kyrgyz Republic. As the levels of AFM1 in the raw mare’s milk and koumiss were low, it can be said that these products do not pose a serious risk in terms of public health. This study has been an important source for determining AFM1 levels in mare’s milk and koumiss.
DergiAraştırma MakalesiErişime Açık
  • 1. Davis TA, Nguyen HV, Garcia-Bravo R, Fiorotto ML, Jackson EM, Reeds PJ: Amino acid composition of the milk of some mammalian species changes with stage of lactation. Br J Nutr, 72 (6): 845-853, 1994. DOI: 10.1079/BJN19940089
  • 2. Mazhitova AT, Kulmyrzaev AA: Determination of amino acid profile of mare milk produced in the highlands of the Kyrgyz Republic during the milking season. J Dairy Sci, 99 (4): 2480-2487, 2016. DOI: 10.3168/ jds.2015-9717
  • 3. Potočnik K, Gantner V, Kuterovac K, Cividini A: Mare’s milk: Composition and protein fraction in comparison with different milk species. Mljekarstvo, 61 (2), 107-113, 2011.
  • 4. Čagalj M, Brezovečki A, Mikulec N, Antunac N: Composition and properties of mare’s milk of Croatian Coldblood horse breed. Mljekarstvo, 64 (1): 3-11, 2014.
  • 5. Zhang H, Chen X, Dan T, Dong J: Traditional Chinese fermented dairy foods. In, Lactic Acid Bacteria. 493-535, Springer, 2014.
  • 6. Stanton C, McMahon D, Mills S: Dairy components, products and human health. In, Muehlhoff E, Bennett A, McMaho D, Mills S (Eds): Milk and Dairy Products in Human Nutrition. 2 07-242, Teagasc Food Research Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co. Cork, Irish Republic, 2013.
  • 7. Barreto IMLG, Rangel AHN, Urbano SA, Bezerra JS, Oliveira CAA: Equine milk and its potential use in the human diet. Food Sci Technol, 39 (1): 1-7, 2019. DOI: 10.1590/fst.11218
  • 8. Marconi E, Panfili G: Chemical composition and nutritional properties of commercial products of mare milk powder. J Food Compost Anal, 11 (2): 178-187, 1998. DOI: 10.1006/jfca.1998.0573
  • 9. Li CK, Hou QC, Duolana WL, Liu HX, Siqinbateer BY, Sun A, Kwok LY, Zhang HP, Menghe B: Koumiss consumption alleviates symptoms of patients with chronic atrophic gastritis: A Possible link to modulation of gut microbiota. J Nutr Oncol, 2 (1): 48-63, 2017.
  • 10. Li C, Liu X, Wang H, Fan H, Mi Z, Kwok L, -Zhang H, Menghe B, Zhihong S, Chen Y: Koumiss consumption induced changes in the fecal metabolomes of chronic atrophic gastritis patients. J Funct Foods, 62:103522, 2019. DOI: 10.1016/j.jff.2019.103522
  • 11. Wu R, Wang L, Wang J, Li H, Menghe B, Wu J, Guo M, Heping Z: Isolation and preliminary probiotic selection of lactobacilli from koumiss in Inner Mongolia. J Basic Microbiol,;49 (3): 318-326, 2009. DOI: 10.1002/ jobm.200800047
  • 12. Fontana L, Bermudez-Brito M, Plaza-Diaz J, Munoz-Quezada S, Gil A: Sources, isolation, characterisation and evaluation of probiotics. Br J Nutr, 109 (S2): S35-S50, 2013. DOI: 10.1017/S0007114512004011
  • 13. Ketney O, Santini A, Oancea S: Recent aflatoxin survey data in milk and milk products: A review. Int J Dairy Technol, 70 (3): 320-331, 2017. DOI: 10.1111/1471-0307.12382
  • 14. Mahmood Fashandi H, Abbasi R, Mousavi Khaneghah A: The detoxification of aflatoxin M1 by Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium spp.: A review. J Food Process Preserv, 42 (9) :e13704, 2018. DOI: 10.1111/jfpp.13704
  • 15. Guo L, Wang Y, Fei P, Liu J, Ren D: A survey on the aflatoxin M1 occurrence in raw milk and dairy products from water buffalo in South China. Food Control, 105, 159-163, 2019. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodcont. 2019.05.033
  • 16. Li S, Min L, Wang P, Zhang Y, Zheng N, Wang J: Aflatoxin M1 contamination in raw milk from major milk-producing areas of China during four seasons of 2016. Food Control, 82, 121-125, 2017. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodcont.2017.06.036
  • 17. IARC: In monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans: Chemical agents and related occupations. International Agency for Research on Cancer Lyon, France; 100; 2012.
  • 18. EC: European Commission, Commission Regulation (EC) No 1881/2006 of 19 December 2006 setting maximum levels for certain contaminants in foodstuffs. Off J Eur Union, 364: (365–324). 2006.
  • 19. National Standards of the Kyrgyz Republic: National Standards of the Kyrgyz Republic, technical regulation on milk and dairy processing, 2019.
  • 20. Ansari F, Pourjafar H, Christensen L: A study on the aflatoxin M1 rate and seasonal variation in pasteurized cow milk from northwestern Iran. Environ Monit Assess, 191:6, 2019. DOI: 10.1007/s10661-018-7141-1
  • 21. Bellio A, Bianchi DM, Gramaglia M, Loria A, Nucera D, Gallina S, Gill M, Decastelli L: Aflatoxin M1 in cow’s milk: Method validation for milk sampled in Northern Italy. Toxins, 8 (3): 57, 2016. DOI: 10.3390/ toxins8030057
  • 22. Boudra H, Barnouin J, Dragacci S, Morgavi DP: Aflatoxin M1 and ochratoxin A in raw bulk milk from French dairy herds. J Dairy Sci, 90 (7): 3197-3201, 2007. DOI: 10.3168/jds.2006-565
  • 23. Aydemir Atasever M, Adiguzel G, Atasever M, Özlü H, Özturan K: Occurrence of aflatoxin M1 in UHT milk in Erzurum-Turkey. Kafkas Univ Vet Fak Derg, 16 (Suppl. A): S119-S122, 2010. DOI: 10.9775/kvfd.2010.2135
  • 24. Nile SH, Park SW, Khobragade CN: Occurrence and analysis of aflatoxin M1 in milk produced by Indian dairy species. Food Agric Immunol, 27 (3): 358-366, 2016. DOI: 10.1080/09540105.2015.1104655
  • 25. Hassan ZU, Al-Thani R, Atia FA, Almeer S, Balmas V, Migheli Q, Jaoua S: Evidence of low levels of aflatoxin M1 in milk and dairy products marketed in Qatar. Food Control, 92, 25-29, 2018. DOI: 10.1016/j. foodcont.2018.04.038
  • 26. Ardic M, Karakaya Y, Atasever M, Adiguzel G: Aflatoxin M1 levels of Turkish white brined cheese. Food Control, 20 (3): 196-199, 2009. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodcont.2008.04.003
  • 27. Aydemir Atasever M, Atasever M, Özturan K: Aflatoxin M1 levels in retail yoghurt and ayran in Erzurum in Turkey. Turk J Vet Anim Sci, 35 (1): 59-62, 2011. DOI: 10.3906/vet-0906-96
  • 28. Aydemir Atasever M, Atasever M, Özturan K, Urcar S: Determination of aflatoxin M1 level in butter samples consumed in Erzurum, Turkey. Kafkas Univ Vet Fak Derg, 16 (Suppl. A): S159-S162, 2010. DOI: 10.9775/ kvfd.2010.2671
  • 29. Atasever M, Yildirim Y, Atasever M, Tastekin A: Assessment of aflatoxin M1 in maternal breast milk in Eastern Turkey. Food Chem Toxicol, 66, 147-149, 2014. DOI: 10.1016/j.fct.2014.01.037
  • 30. Gizachew D, Szonyi B, Tegegne A, Hanson J, Grace D: Aflatoxin contamination of milk and dairy feeds in the Greater Addis Ababa milk shed, Ethiopia. Food Control, 59, 773-779, 2016. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodcont. 2015.06.060
  • 31. Ghanem I, Orfi M: Aflatoxin M1 in raw, pasteurized and powdered milk available in the Syrian market. Food Control, 20 (6): 603-605, 2009. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodcont.2008.08.018
  • 32. Xiong J, Xiong L, Zhou H, Liu Y, Wu L: Occurrence of aflatoxin B1 in dairy cow feedstuff and aflatoxin M1 in UHT and pasteurized milk in central China. Food Control, 92, 386-390, 2018. DOI: 10.1016/j. foodcont.2018.05.022
  • 33. Zheng N, Wang JQ, Han RW, Zhen YP, Xu XM, Sun P: Survey of aflatoxin M1 in raw milk in the five provinces of China. Food Addit Contam Part B Surveill, 6 (2): 110-115, 2013. DOI: 10.1080/19393210.2012.763191
  • 34. Kamkar A, Yazdankhah S, Mohammadi Nafchi A, Mozaffari Nejad AS: Aflatoxin M1 in raw cow and buffalo milk in Shush city of Iran. Food Addit Contam Part B Surveill, 7 (1): 21-24, 2014. DOI: 10.1080/19393210.2013.830277
  • 35. Tosun H, Ayyıldız T. Occurrence of aflatoxin M1 in organic dairy products. Qual Assur Saf Crop Foods, 5 (3): 215-219, 2013. DOI: 10.3920/ QAS2012.0147
  • 36. De Roma A, Rossini C, Ritieni A, Gallo P, Esposito M: A survey on the Aflatoxin M1 occurrence and seasonal variation in buffalo and cow milk from Southern Italy. Food Control, 81, 30-33, 2017. DOI: 10.1016/j. foodcont.2017.05.034
  • 37. Kara R, Ince S. Aflatoxin M1 in buffalo and cow milk in Afyonkarahisar, Turkey. Food Addit Contam Part B Surveill, 7 (1), 7-10, 2014. DOI: 10.1080/ 19393210.2013.825646
  • 38. Motawee MM, Bauer J, McMahon DJ: Survey of aflatoxin M1 in cow, goat, buffalo and camel milks in Ismailia-Egypt. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol, 83, 766-769, 2009. DOI: 10.1007/s00128-009-9840-3
  • 39. Rahimi E, Bonyadian M, Rafei M, Kazemeini HR: Occurrence of aflatoxin M1 in raw milk of five dairy species in Ahvaz, Iran. Food Chem Toxicol, 48 (1): 129-131, 2010. DOI: 10.1016/j.fct.2009.09.028
  • 40. Hashemi M: A survey of aflatoxin M1 in cow milk in Southern Iran. J Food Drug Anal, 24 (4): 888-893, 2016. DOI: 10.1016/j.jfda.2016.05.002
  • 41. Assem E, Mohamad A, Oula EA: A survey on the occurrence of aflatoxin M1 in raw and processed milk samples marketed in Lebanon. Food Control, 22 (12): 1856-1858, 2011. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodcont.2011.04.026
  • 42. Armorini S, Altafini A, Zaghini A, Roncada P: Occurrence of aflatoxin M1 in conventional and organic milk offered for sale in Italy. Mycotoxin Res, 32 (4): 237-246, 2016. DOI: 10.1007/s12550-016-0256-8
  • 43. Xiong JL, Wang YM, Ma MR, Liu JX: Seasonal variation of aflatoxin M1 in raw milk from the Yangtze River Delta region of China. Food Control, 34 (2): 703-706, 2013. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodcont.2013.06.024
  • 44. Bilandžić N, Varenina I, Kolanović BS, Božić Đ, Đokić M, Sedak M, Tankovıc S, Potocnjak D, Cvetnic Z: Monitoring of aflatoxin M1 in raw milk during four seasons in Croatia. Food Control, 54, 331-337, 2015. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodcont.2015.02.015
  • 45. Sarica DY, Has O, Tasdelen S, Ezer Ü: Occurrence of aflatoxin M1 in milk, white cheese and yoghurt from Ankara, Turkey markets. Biol Chem Res, 2015, 36-49, 2015.
  • 46. Iqbal SZ, Asi MR: Assessment of aflatoxin M1 in milk and milk products from Punjab, Pakistan. Food Control, 30 (1): 235-239, 2013. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodcont.2012.06.026
  • 47. Iha MH, Barbosa CB, Okada IA, Trucksess MW: Occurrence of aflatoxin M1 in dairy products in Brazil. Food Control, 22 (12): 1971-1974, 2011. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodcont.2011.05.013
  • 48. El Khoury A, Atoui A, Yaghi J: Analysis of aflatoxin M1 in milk and yogurt and AFM1 reduction by lactic acid bacteria used in Lebanese industry. Food Control, 22 (10): 1695-1699, 2011. DOI: 10.1016/j. foodcont.2011.04.001
  • 49. Wu Q, Jezkova A, Yuan Z, Pavlikova L, Dohnal V, Kuca K: Biological degradation of aflatoxins. Drug Metab Rev, 41 (1): 1-7, 2009. DOI: 10.1080/03602530802563850

TÜBİTAK ULAKBİM Ulusal Akademik Ağ ve Bilgi Merkezi Cahit Arf Bilgi Merkezi © 2019 Tüm Hakları Saklıdır.