(Hacettepe Üniversitesi, Tıp Fakültesi, Psikiyatri Anabilim Dalı, Ankara, Türkiye)
Yıl: 2020Cilt: 23Sayı: 3ISSN: 1304-2947 / 1307-9948Sayfa Aralığı: 291 - 298İngilizce

41 0
The new type of corona virus (SARS-Cov 2) pandemic, which broke out in Wuhan province of China in December 2019, has spread rapidly in a short time, affected and is still affecting millions of people all over the world. Numerous measures have been taken to prevent the spread of the outbreak, in particular “maintaining social distance”. Elderly individuals are vulnerable to COVID-19 due to the aging of their immune systems and concomitant chronic diseases; morbidity and mortality are rather high in this age group, so prevention measures are even of greater importance in older individuals. However, both the pandemic and the infection control measures taken for the pandemic negatively affect the mental health of elderly individuals as well as their physical health. In this review study, it was aimed to examine briefly the effects of pandemics on mental health of the society, to review the studies investigating the effects of outbreaks on the mental health of the elderly, and to make inferences for the future.
DergiDerlemeErişime Açık
  • 1. https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/ coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200622-covid-19- sitrep-154.pdf?sfvrsn=d0249d8d_2. Accessed: 23. 06. 2020
  • 2. https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/modes-oftransmission-of-virus-causing-covid-19-implicationsfor-ipc-precaution-recommendations
  • 3. Liu Y, Mao B, Liang S et al. Association between age and clinical characteristics and outcomes of COVID-19. Eur Respir J 2020; 55 (5): 2001112. (PMID: 32312864)
  • 4. Lauretani F, Ravazzoni G, Roberti MF et al. Assessment and treatment of older individuals with COVID-19 multi-system disease: clinical and ethical implications. Acta Biomed 2020; 91 (2): 150-168. (PMID: 32420939)
  • 5. Lloyd-Sherlock P, Kalache A, McKee M et al. WHO must prioritise the needs of older people in its response to the COVID-19 pandemic. BMJ 2020; 31, 368: m1164. (PMID: 32205399)
  • 6. Torales J, O’Higgins M, Castaldelli-Maia JM et al. The outbreak of COVID-19 coronavirus and its impact on global mental health. Int J Soc Psychiatry 2020; 66 (4): 317-320. (PMID: 32233719)
  • 7. Mak IWC, Chu CM, Pan PC et al. Long-term psychiatric morbidities among SARS survivors. Gen Hospital Psych 2009; 31 (4): 318-26. (PMID: 19555791)
  • 8. Reynolds DL, Garay JR, Deamond SL et al. Understanding, compliance and psychological impact of the SARS quarantine experience. Epidemiol Infect 2008; 136 (7): 997-1007. (PMID: 17662167)
  • 9. Wu P, Fang Y, Guan Z et al. The psychological impact of the SARS epidemic on hospital employees in China: exposure, risk perception, and altruistic acceptance of risk. Can J Psychiatry 2009; 54 (5): 302-311. (PMID: 19497162)
  • 10. Lancee WJ, Maunder RG, Goldbloom DS et al. Prevalence of psychiatric disorders among Toronto hospital workers one to two years after the SARS outbreak. Psychiatr Serv 2008; 59 (1): 91-95. (PMID: 18182545)
  • 11. Peng EY, Lee MB, Tsai ST et al. Population-based post-crisis psychological distress: an example from the SARS outbreak in Taiwan. J Formos Med Assoc 2010; 109 (7): 524-532. (PMID: 20654792)
  • 12. Sim K, Chan YH, Chong PN et al. Psychosocial and coping responses within the community health care setting towards a national outbreak of an infectious disease. J Psychosom Res 2010; 68 (2): 195-202. (PMID: 20105703)
  • 13. Jeong H, Yim HW, Song YJ et al. Mental health status of people isolated due to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome. Epidemiol Health 2016; 38: e2016048. (PMID: 28196409)
  • 14. Lei L, Huang X, Zhang S et al. Comparison of prevalence and associated factors of anxiety and depression among people affected by versus people unaffected by quarantine during the COVID-19 epidemic in Southwestern China. Med Sci Monit 2020; 26: e924609. (PMID: 32335579)
  • 15. Person B, Sy F, Govert B et al. Fear and stigma: the epidemic within the SARS outbreak. Emerg İnfect Dis 2004; 10 (2): 358-362. (PMID: 15030713)
  • 16. Friedler B, Crapser J, McCullough L. One is the deadliest number: the detrimental effects of social isolation on cerebrovascular diseases and cognition. Acta Neuropathol 2015; 129 (4): 493-509. (PMID: 25537401)
  • 17. Conwell Y, Duberstein PR, Caine ED. Risk factors for suicide in later life. Biol Psychiatry 2002; 52: 193-204. (PMID: 12182926)
  • 18. Cole SW, Hawkley LC, Arevalo JM et al. Social regulation of gene expression in human leukocytes. Genome Biol 2007; 8 (9): R189. (PMID: 17854483)
  • 19. Chan SM, Chiu FK, Lam LCW et al. Elderly suicide and the 2003 SARS epidemic in Hong Kong. İnt J Geriatr Psychiatry 2006; 21 (2): 113-118. (PMID: 16416469)
  • 20. Cheung YT, Chau PH, Yip PS. A revisit on older adults’ suicides and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) epidemic in Hong Kong. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 2008; 23 (12): 1231-1238. (PMID: 18500689)
  • 21. Yip PS, Cheung YT, Chau PH et al. The impact of epidemic outbreak: the case of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and suicide among older adults in Hong Kong. Crisis 2010; 31 (2): 86-92. (PMID: 20418214)
  • 22. Chiu HF, Lam LC, Li SW et al. SARS and psychogeriatrics: perspective and lessons from Hong Kong. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 2003; 18 (10): 871-873. (PMID: 14533118)
  • 23. Lloyd-Sherlock P, Ebrahim S, Geffen L et al. Bearing the brunt of COVID-19: older people in low and middle income countries. BMJ 2020; 368: m1052. (PMID: 32169830)
  • 24. Gardner W, States D, Bagley N. The coronavirus and the risks to the elderly in long-term care. J Aging Soc Policiy 2020; 3: 1-6. PMID: 32245346; Fallon A, Dukelow T, Kennelly SP et al. COVID-19 in nursing homes. QJM 2020; 113 (6): 391-392. (PMID: 32311049)
  • 25. Jimenez-Sotomayor MR, Gomez-Moreno C, SotoPerez-de-Celis E. Coronavirus, ageism, and twitter: an evaluation of tweets about older adults and COVID-19. J Am Geriatr Soc 2020; 27: 10.1111/ jgs.16508. (PMID: 32338787)
  • 26. Cesari M, Proietti M. COVID-19 in Italy: ageism and decision-making in a pandemic. J Am Med Dir Assoc 2020; 21 (5): 576-577. (PMID: 32334771)
  • 27. Meng H, Xu Y; Dai J et al. Analyze the psychological impact of COVID-19 among the elderly population in China and make corresponding suggestions. Psychiatry Res 2020; 289: 112983. (PMID: 32388175)
  • 28. Wei P, Cai Z, Hua J et al. Pains and gains from China’s experiences with emerging epidemics: from SARS to H7N9. Biomed Res Int 2016; 2016: 5717108. (PMID: 27525272)

TÜBİTAK ULAKBİM Ulusal Akademik Ağ ve Bilgi Merkezi Cahit Arf Bilgi Merkezi © 2019 Tüm Hakları Saklıdır.