Rabia Serpil GÜNHAN
(Konya Teknik Üniversitesi, Teknik Bilimler Meslek Yüksekokulu, Gıda Teknolojisi, Konya, Türkiye)
Yıl: 2021Cilt: 14Sayı: 2ISSN: 1308-5301 / 1308-8084Sayfa Aralığı: 342 - 350Türkçe

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Melatonin ve önemi
Melatonin memelilerin pineal bezi tarafından günlük olarak düzenli şekilde salgılanan temel hormondur. Melatonin, vücutta birçok kimyasal, biyolojik ve fizyolojik faaliyette yer almaktadır. Melatoninin asıl görevi ‘Jet lag’ olarak bilinen biyolojik saatin korunması ve ritminin ayarlanmasıdır. Melatonin antioksidan enzimleri uyarıcı, lipit peroksidasyonunu azaltıcı, beyin dokusunu oksidatif hasardan koruyucu etkiye sahiptir. Ayrıca kanser hücrelerinin çoğalmasını, tümör büyümesini engellemektedir. Melatonin suda ve yağda çözünürlüğü oldukça yüksek bir bileşiktir. Biyoaktif bir bileşik olan melatonin; portakal, domates, çilek, üzüm, kiraz, zeytinyağı, pirinç, arpa, ceviz ve sağlığa yönelik tüketilen fonksiyonel gıda ve ilaç hammaddelerinin kaynağını teşkil eden bazı tıbbi ve aromatik bitkilerde farklı bileşimlerde bulunmaktadır. Bu derlemenin amacı melatoninin önemi, fonksiyonel özellikleri, gıdalardaki profili ve gıda işlemenin melatonin içeriğine etkisi konularını araştıran çalışmaları inceleyerek sağlıklı beslenme ve yaşama katkı sağlamaktır.
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