Bayode Julius OLORUNFEMI
(Federal University Oye Ekiti, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Nigeria)
Sunday Emmanuel KAYODE
(Federal University of Technology, Department of Agricultural Engineering, School of Engineering, Akure, Nigeria)
Yıl: 2021Cilt: 9Sayı: 1ISSN: 2148-127X / 2148-127XSayfa Aralığı: 75 - 83İngilizce

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Post-Harvest Loss and Grain Storage Technology- A Review
The aim of this write up is to explore technological developments in the area of post-harvest grain storage techniques. Post-harvest losses occur between harvest and the moment of human consumption. They include on-farm losses, such as when grain is threshed, winnowed, and dried, as well as losses along the chain during transportation, storage, and processing. Use of traditional grain storage facilities such as cribs, improved rhombus, and brick bins are ineffective against mold and insects already present in the grain before storage. While plastic bins reduce insect pests’ infestation, Purdue Improved crop storage bags and wooden silo were proved to be a viable management tool for preventing aflatoxin accumulation in storage and moisture migration. The metal silo still remains an effective grain storage technology for reducing post-harvest insect and pathogen losses if the challenges of moisture and temperature can be adequately managed. An effective grain storage technology would be the ones that can sustain quality of grain stored for a long period (≥5 years), durable, cost-effective, and be managed scientifically, possibly by computer- aided grain management system.
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