Nurcan YAVUZ
(Selçuk Üniversitesi, Ziraat Fakültesi, Tarımsal Yapılar ve Sulama Bölümü, Konya, Türkiye)
Yıl: 2021Cilt: 35Sayı: 2ISSN: 2458-8377Sayfa Aralığı: 91 - 100Türkçe

20 0
The Response of Dry Bean to Water Stress at Various Growth Cycles in a Semi-Arid Region
Poor irrigation management is resulted from some reasons such as lack of information relevant to the crop water use. That kind of information is necessarily prerequisites for both planners and producers to obtain irrigation program to minimize the yield losses under water stress conditions. A two-year, 2013-2014 growing season, field experiment was performed to determine the response of dry bean to the water deficiency in different growth stages at Konya plain of Turkey. The study was organized as randomized complete block design with three replications. Vegetative (V), reproductive (R), and pod filling-maturation (P) three plant growth cycles as were examined with including rain-fed total eight irrigation treatments were researched. A 100% crop water requirement (VRP) was considered full-irrigation treatment. Irrigation was not performed during vegetative, reproductive, and pod filling-maturation cycles or during a combination of those stages in other treatments. In results, depending on the irrigation treatments, actual evapotranspiration (ETa) for 2013 and 2014 varied from 104 to 544 mm and from 110 to 558 mm, respectively.The average crop coefficients (Kc) among the years were 0.75 for vegetative, 1.01 for reproductive, and 0.82 for pod filling-maturation stages. Depending on irrigation time, as decreasing the irrigation water resulted reducing seed yield. It was obvious that higher seed yield as well as yield components obtained full irrigation at entire growing season, which was preferable. An alternative to full irrigation in whole growth stages particularly in areas with insufficient water resources, performing full irrigation till initial of the filling-maturation cycle and then ending irrigation can be highly recommended as ideal, as it resulted water saving of 38%, and rise 27% in irrigation water use efficiency (IWUE) as well as 20% seed yield loss by comparison to full irrigation.
DergiAraştırma MakalesiErişime Açık
  • Allen RG, Pereira LS, Raes D, Smith M (1998). Crop evapotranspiration: Guidelines for computing crop water requirements. Irrigation and Drainage, Paper No. 56, FAO, Rome, Italy, 300 pp.
  • Allen RG, Walter IA, Elliot RL, Howell TA, Itenfisu D, Jensen ME, Snyder RL (2005). The ASCE standardized reference evapotranspiration equation. American Society of Civil Engineering, Reston, VA, p.192.
  • Allen RG, Yonts CD, Wright JL (2000). Irrigation to maximize bean production and water use efficiency. In: Singh, S.P. (Ed), Bean Research, Production, and Utilization. Proc Idaho Bean Workshop. University of Idaho, Moscow, pp 71–92.
  • Boutraa T, Sanders FE (2001). Influence of water stress on grain yield and vegetative growth of two cultivars of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science 187: 251–257.
  • Calvache M, Reichardi K, Bacchi O, Dourado-Neto D (1997). Deficit irrigation at different growth stages of the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L., cv. Imbabello). Scientia Agricola 54(Special):1–16.
  • Deng XP, Shan L, Zhang H, Tuner NC (2006). Improving agricultural water use efficiency in arid and semiarid areas of China. Agricultural Water Management 80: 23–40.
  • Doorenbos J, Kassam AH (1979). Yield response to water. FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper, No. 33. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, 193 pp.
  • Efetha A, Harms T, Bandara M (2011). Irrigation management practices for maximizing seed yield and water use efficiency of Othello dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in southern Alberta, Canada. Irrigation Science 29: 103–113.
  • English M, Raja SN (1996). Perspectives on deficit irrigation. Agricultural Water Management 32: 1– 14.
  • Er-Raki S, Chehbouni A, Boulet G, Williams DG (2010). Using the dual approach of FAO-56 for partitioning ET into soil and plant components for olive orchards in a semi–arid region. Agricultural Water Management 97: 1769–1778.
  • FAO (2020). Agriculture Production. See also: http://www.faostat.fao.org/faostat; (accessed 03.08.2020).
  • Fereres E, Soriano MA (2007). Deficit irrigation for reducing agricultural water use. Special issue on “integrated approaches to sustain and improve plant production under drought stress”. Journal of Experimental Botany 58: 147–159.
  • Fernandez JE, Slawinski C, Moreno F, Walczak RT, Vanclooster M (2002). Simulating the fate of water in a soil-crop system of a semi-arid Mediterranean area with the WAVE 2.1 and the EURO-ACCESSII models. Agricultural Water Management 56, 113-129.
  • Ferreira TC, Carr MKV (2002). Responses of Potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.) to Irrigation and Nitrogen in a Hot, Dry Climate. Field Crops Research 78: 51–64.
  • Grismer ME, Orang M, SnyderR, Matyac R (2002). Pan evaporation to reference evapotranspiration conversion methods. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering 128:180–184.
  • Howell TA, Cuenca RH, Solomon KH (1990). In: Hoffman, et al. (Eds.), Crop yield response. Manage of Farm Irrigation Systems. ASAE, 312 pp.
  • Irmak S, Haman DZ, Jones JW (2002). Evaluation of Class A pan coefficients for estimating reference evapotranspiration in humid location. J. Irrig. Drain. Eng. 128, 153–159.
  • James LG (1988). Principles of farm irrigation system design. Wiley, New York, 543 pp.
  • Kang SZ, Gu BJ, Du TS, Zhang JH (2003). Crop coefficient and ratio of transpiration to evapotranspiration of winter wheat and maize in a semi-humid region. Agricultural Water Management 59: 239– 254.
  • Karamanos AJ, Papatheohari AY (1999). Assessment of drought resistance of crop cultivars and lines by means of the water potential index. Crop Science 39: 1792–1797.
  • Keller J, Bliesner RD (1990). Sprinkle and Trickle Irrigation. Chapman and Hall, 115 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10003, USA, pp. 652.
  • Libardi PL, Moraes SO, Saad AM, Lier Q, Vieira O, Tuon RL (1999). Nuclear techniques to evaluate water use of field crops irrigated in different growth stages. In: Kirda, C., Moutonnet, P., Hera, C., Nielsen, D.R., (eds) Crop yield response to deficit irrigation. Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp 109–120.
  • Mahlooji M, Mousavi SF, Karimi M (2000). The effects of water stress and planting date on yield and yield components of pinto bean (Phaseolus vulgaris). Journal of Science and Technology of Agriculture Natural Resources 4: 57–68.
  • Miller PR, McConkey BG, Clayton GW, Brandt SA, Staricka JA, Johnston AM, Lafond GP, Schatz BG, Baltensperger DD, Neill KE (2002). Pulse crop ad- aptation in the northern Great Plains. Agronamy Journal 94: 261–272.
  • Munoz-Perea CG, Allen RG, Westermann DT, Wright JL, Singh SP (2007). Water use efficiency among dry bean landraces and cultivars in drought-stressed and non-stressed environments. Euphytica 155: 393–402.
  • Munoz-Perea CG, Teran H, Allen RG, Wright JL, Westermann DT, Singh SP (2006). Selection for drought resistance in dry bean landraces and cultivars. Crop Science 46: 2111–2120.
  • Nielsen DC, Nelson N (1998). Black bean sensitivity to water stress at various growth stages. Crop Science 38: 422–427.
  • Ninou E, Tsialtas JT, Dordas CA, Papakosta DK (2013). Effect of irrigation on the relationships between leaf gas exchange related traits and yield in dwarf dry bean grown under Mediterranean conditions. Agricultural Water Management 116: 235– 241.
  • Nunez-Barrios A, Hoogenboom G, Nesmith DS (2005). Drought stress and the distribution of vegetative and reproductive traits of a bean cultivar. Scientia Agricola 62: 18–22.
  • Pimentel C, Laffray D, Louguet P (1999). Intrinsic water use efficiency at the pollination stage as a parameter for drought tolerance in Phaseolus vulgaris. Physiologia Plantarum 106: 184–189.
  • Radin JW, Mauney JR, Kerridge PC (1989). Water uptake by cotton roots during fruit filling in relation to irrigation frequency. Crop Science 29: 1000- 1005.
  • Ramirez-Vallejo P, Kelly J (1998). Traits related to drought resistance in common bean. Euphytica 99: 127–136.
  • Schneider KA, Brothers ME, Kelly JD (1997). Marker assisted selection to improve drought resistance in common bean. Crop Science 37: 51–60.
  • Sezen MS, Yazar A, Canbolat M, Eker S, Celikel G (2005). Effect of drip irrigation management on yield and quality of field grown green beans. Agricultural Water Management 71: 243–255.
  • Snyder RL, Orang M, Matyac S, Grismer ME (2005). Simplified estimation of reference evapotranspiration from pan evaporation data in California. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering 131: 249–253.
  • Teran H, Singh SP (2002). Comparison of sources and lines selected for drought resistance in common bean. Crop Science 42: 64–70.
  • TUIK (2020). Turkish Statistical Institute. See also: http://www.tuik.gov.tr; (accessed 14.11.2020).
  • Ucar Y, Kadayifci A, Yilmaz HI, Tuylu GI, Yardimci N (2009). The effect of deficit irrigation on grain yield of dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in semiarid regions. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research 7: 474–485.
  • White JW, Castillo JA, Ehleringer JR, Garcia-C JA, Singh SP (1994). Relations of carbon isotope discrimination and other physiological traits to yield in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) under rainfed conditions. Journal of Agricultural Science 122: 275–284.
  • Yavuz D, Yavuz N, Seymen M, Türkmen Ö (2015). Evapotranspiration, crop coefficient and seed yield of drip irrigated pumpkin under semi-arid conditions. Scientia Horticulture 197: 33–40.
  • Yavuz D, Seymen M, Süheri S, Yavuz N, Türkmen Ö, & Kurtar ES (2020). How do rootstocks of citron watermelon (Citrullus lanatus var. citroides) affect the yield and quality of watermelon under deficit irrigation? Agricultural Water Management 241: 106351.
  • Yavuz D, Seymen M, Yavuz N, Çoklar H & Ercan M (2021). Effects of water stress applied at various phenological stages on yield, quality, and water use efficiency of melon. Agricultural Water Management 246: 106673.
  • Zhou WB (2003). Review on the study of water resources utilization efficiency in irrigation district in arid and semiarid areas of China. Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment 17: 91–95.

TÜBİTAK ULAKBİM Ulusal Akademik Ağ ve Bilgi Merkezi Cahit Arf Bilgi Merkezi © 2019 Tüm Hakları Saklıdır.