Cahit KORKU
(Niğde Ömer Halisdemir Üniversitesi, Niğde, Türkiye)
Yıl: 2021Cilt: 24Sayı: 3ISSN: 1302-9282 / 2148-9041Sayfa Aralığı: 619 - 632Türkçe

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COVID-19 PANDEMİSİNDE TELE-TIBBIN KULLANIMI
Bu araştırmanın amacı, yeni tip koronavirüs (COVID-19) salgını sırasında tele-tıp kullanımını, tele-tıbbın sağladığı avantajları ve uygulamadaki zorluklarını ortaya çıkarmaktır. Bu kapsamda COVID-19 salgını döneminde başta tele-tıp olmak üzere tele-tıp ve tele-sağlık ile ilgili yapılan akademik çalışmalar incelenmiştir. Yapılan incelemede COVID-19 salgını öncesi düşük düzeyde kalan tele-tıp kullanımının salgın döneminde oldukça hızlı bir şekilde arttığı gözlenmiştir. Tele-tıp kullanımının COVID-19 salgından korunmada hem hastalar hem çalışanlar için gerekli olduğu, hastanedeki yoğunluğu azalttığı, kaynak tasarrufu sağladığı ortaya konulmuştur. Tele-tıbbın salgın dönemdeki önemine karşın birçok ülke tele-tıbbı farklı düzeylerde kullanmaktadır. Tele-tıp kullanım düzeyi, çoğunlukla altyapı imkânlarının bulunmasıyla ilişkilidir. Tele-tıbbın kullanımında; Çin, ABD, Avustralya ve bazı Avrupa ülkeleri ön plana çıkmaktadır. Tele-tıp; COVID-19 pandemisi ile başa çıkmanın yollarından biri olarak kabul edilmekle birlikte, tele-tıbbın kullanımında yasal düzenleme eksiklikleri, erişim problemleri, veri güvenliliğinin sağlanamaması gibi bazı sorunlar bulunmaktadır. Bu kapsamda, gerekli yasal düzenlemelerin yapılması, ödeme kapsamının genişletilmesi, veri güvenliğinin sağlanması, tele-tıp için kalite standartlarının belirlenmesi ve altyapı yatırımların yapılması gerekir. Tele-tıp; başta salgın dönemi olmak üzere, özellik arz eden hastalar ve durumlar için gelecekte de kullanılabilir.
DergiDerlemeErişime Açık
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