SERPİL GÜLSÜM OPPERMANN
(Hacettepe Üniversitesi, Edebiyat Fakültesi, İngiliz Dili ve Edebiyatı Bölümü, Ankara, Türkiye)
Yıl: 2007Cilt: 24Sayı: 1ISSN: 1301-5737 / 2630-5976Sayfa Aralığı: 179 - 194İngilizce

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Ecological Imperialism in British Colonial Fiction
Bu makale İngiliz emperyalizminin ekolojik boyutunu ve bunun ingiliz sömürge dönemi romanlarında nasıl yansıtıldığını tartışmaya açmakta, ve birbirini tamamlayan Batı merkezci ve insan merkezci ideolojilerin nasıl doğanın tahribine yol açtığını irdelemektedir. Ekolojik emperyalizm, sömürgeleştirilmiş toprakların yerüstü ve yeraltı zenginliklerinin bilinçli olarak Batıya taşınması, ekonomik çıkarlar adına sömürülmesi ve kıyımı olarak tanımlanabilir. Bu bölgelerde yokedilen biyoçeşitlilik ve dengeleri bozulan yerel ekosistemler tarihi bağlamda incelenmekte ve kökleri 17. yüzyıla dayanan ve Francis Bacon, Lewis Roberts, ve Robert Boyle gibi İngiliz düşünürlerinin savunduğu mekanik dünya görüşünün ve emperyalist ideolojilerin sömürgecilik dönemi romanlarında nasıl desteklendiği ve meşrulaştırıldığı tartışılmaktadır. Bu yaklaşım Kipling, Henty, Haggard, Conrad, Forster ve Orwell'in romanlarından örneklerle ele alınmaktadır.
Afrika
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