Elif ALYAMAÇ SEYDİBEYOĞLU
(Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi, Mühendislik Fakültesi, Kimya Mühendisliği Bölümü, Ankara, Türkiye)
Alpaslan TURGUT
(Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi, Mühendislik Fakültesi, Makina Mühendisliği Bölümü, İzmir, Türkiye)
Mehmet Özgür SEYDİBEYOĞLU
(İzmir Katip Çelebi Üniversitesi, Mühendislik-Mimarlık Fakültesi, Elektrik-Elektronik Mühendisliği Bölümü, İzmir, Türkiye)
Proje Grubu: TÜBİTAK MAG ProjeSayfa Sayısı: 130Proje No: 117M953Proje Bitiş Tarihi: 01.04.2019Türkçe

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Yüzeyi Fonksiyonelize Edilmiş Nanoparçacıklar ile Kararlı Nanoakışkan Hazırlanması ve Isıl İletkenlik Değişiminin Belirlenmesi
Çok çesitli uygulama alanına sahip olan nanoakıskanlar, ısı transferi sistemlerinde, kullanılan akıskanların ısıl iletkenlik katsayısını arttırmak amacıyla baz akıskanın içerisine, ısıl iletkenligi yüksek nano boyutlarda parçacıklar katılmasıyla üretilirler. Nanoakıskanların hazırlanması, hazırlanan nanoakıskanın ısıl iletkenliginin arttırılması her ne kadar basit görünse de çok karmasık bir sistemdir. Nanoakıskanların ısıl iletkenliginin artması ve ısı transferi uygulamalarında kullanılabilirligi, hazırlanan nanoakıskanın kararlılıgından, viskozitesine kadar birçok önemli parametre ile baglantılıdır. Isıl iletim katsayısı ne kadar artmıs olursa olsun, kararlı olmayan nanoakıskanların kısa sürede çökmesi ve viskozitesinin baz akıskana göre fazlaca artıs göstermesi, ısı transferi sistemlerinde basınç düsüsüne, korozyona ve tıkanıklıklara neden olmaktadır. Tüm bunlar göz önüne alındıgında, hazırlanan nanoakıskanların pratikte kullanımı için bu parametrelerin incelenmesi ve birbiri ile olan baglantılarının ortaya konulması gerekmektedir. Bu projede kararlı nanoakıskanların hazırlanması ve ısıl iletkenliklerinin belirlenmesinin yanı sıra bu parametrelerin birbiri ile baglantısının aydınlatılması hedeflenmistir. Baz akıskan olarak su, etilen glikol (EG) ve kompresör yagı kullanılan bu projede, nanoparçacık olarak farklı yüzey alanlarına sahip grafen nanoplateletler (GNP) ve tek duvarlı karbon nanotüpler (SWCNT) kullanılmıstır. Nanoakıskan kararlılıgının saglanması amacıyla, polietilen glikol türevi polihedral oligomerik silseskuokzan (PEG-POSS) nanoakıskanlarda ilk kez yüzey aktif madde olarak bu projede kullanılmıstır. Ayrıca hazırlanan akıskanların kararlılıgının artması için pH ayarlaması yapılmıstır. SWCNT içeren su bazlı nanoakıskanların hazırlanmasında 50 dk ve 100 dk olmak üzere iki farklı ultrasonikasyon süresi kullanılarak ısıl iletkenlige etkisi incelenmistir. Kararlılık degerlendirmesi için UV-Vis Spektrofotometrisi ve Zeta Potansiyeli ölçümleri yapılmıstır. Bu projede örneklerin santrifüj edilmesi gibi farklı islemler sayesinde nanoparçacık konsantrasyonunun zeta potansiyeline etkisi basarıyla incelenmistir. Isıl iletkenlik ölçümleri 3-omega yöntemiyle gerçeklestirilmistir. Ayrıca farklı yüzey alanlarına sahip nanoparçacıkların kullanılması, farklı konsantrasyonlarda yüzey aktif madde kullanımı ve farklı baz akıskanlarla çalısılması; bu örneklerin reolojik davranısı, ısıl iletkenlik ve yüzey gerilimi ile temas açısı gibi ısı transferi sistemlerinde önem tasıyan özelliklerinin belirlenmesi ve bu özellikleri etkileyen parametrelerin incelenmesi, bu projeyi çok yönlü ve basarılı bir çalısma haline getirmistir.
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